Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Early detection of median nerve compression by Electroneurography can improve outcome in children with Mucopolysaccharidoses
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases201813:209
© The Author(s). 2018
- Published: 21 November 2018
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common complication of the mucopolysaccharidoses. In severe or attenuated mucopolysaccharidoses patients, clinical symptoms of CTS usually appear at a late stage of median nerve compression. Relying on CTS symptoms is often too late and there is a risk of axonal damage and further irreversible sequelae. Electroneurography is a powerful technique to detect the initial preclinical signs of median nerve compression. In a retrospective series of 13 children with mucopolysaccharidoses (10 Hunter, one Hurler-Scheie and 2 Hurler children), we describe the electroneurography progression of CTS (43 hand evaluations) and the severity of median nerve damage.
The average age at mucopolysaccharidoses diagnosis was 33.6 months (11–66 months). Clinical signs of CTS appeared on average 44.6 months (0–73 months) after diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidoses. Electroneurography anomalies suggestive of CTS appeared as early as the age of 3.5 years and probably preceded clinical signs of CTS. Median nerve compression was bilateral and distal, initially on the sensory pathway then becoming motor-sensory. Beyond a threshold of 14 m/sec median distal motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCVd) and index of terminal latency (MNCVd/MNCVp) of 0.27, there was true distal conduction slowdown.
To prevent irreversible sequelae of median nerve compression, we suggest annual electroneurography testing for mucopolysaccharidoses patients starting as early as 3 years of age, including both motor and sensory nerve pathways, on median and, in reference to the ulnar nerves, bilaterally at the wrist and the elbow. Timely surgical intervention can greatly improve the overall function and quality of life of these patients.
- Nerve conduction study
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Median nerve compression