Open Peer Review reports
The presumed MTH1-inhibitor TH588 sensitizes colorectal carcinoma cells to ionizing radiation in hypoxia
© The Author(s). 2018
- Published: 29 November 2018
The nudix family member enzyme MutT homologue-1 (MTH1) hydrolyses the oxidized nucleotides 8-oxo-dGTP and 2-hydroxy-dATP and thus prevents the incorporation of damaged nucleotides into nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Therefore MTH1 was proposed to protect cancer cells from oxidative DNA lesions and subsequent cell death. We investigated whether the bona fide MTH1 inhibitor TH588 affects responses of cultured colorectal tumor cells to ionizing radiation (IR) in normoxia and in moderate or severe hypoxia.
TH588 was tested in cell viability and survival assays (tetrazolium dye (MTT), propidium iodide staining, caspase-3 activity, and colony formation assays (CFA)) in colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT116 and SW480) in combination with IR in normoxia and in hypoxia. Additionally, MTH1 was targeted by lentiviral shRNA expression. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were assessed in MTT assays.
In all cell lines tested, TH588 dose-dependently impaired cell survival. In CFAs, TH588 and IR effects on carcinoma cells were additive in normoxia and in hypoxia. Using 3 different shRNAs, the lentiviral approach was detrimental to SW480, but not to HCT116.
TH588 has cytotoxic effects on transformed and untransformed cells and synergizes with IR in normoxia and in hypoxia. TH588 toxicity is not fully explained by MTH1 inhibition as HCT116 were unaffected by lentiviral suppression of MTH1 expression. TH588 should be explored further because it has radiosensitizing effects in hypoxia.
- DNA damage repair
- MutT homologue-1