Biliary tract cancer (BTC) represents a heterogeneous disease with dismal outcome. Herein, we examined genotype and angiogenesis features in BTC. We applied genotyping (Sanger, qPCR, 101-gene panel NGS), mRNA relative quantification methods, and β-catenin immunohistochemistry in 84 FFPE BTC (55 gallbladder [GBC], 14 intrahepatic [ICC], 15 extrahepatic [ECC] carcinomas). We identified 541 mutations in 68 (81%) tumors. Top mutated genes were CTNNB1 (36%); PTEN (33%); TP53 (31%); PIK3R1 (29%); PIK3CA (13%); BRCA2 and KRAS (12%); BRCA1 (11%). Six GBCs were hypermutated [hm] displaying a distinct mutational pattern. Mutations in TP53 and PI3K, Wnt and RAS components were prevalent among non-hypermutated tumors. All hmGBCs carried mutations in BRCA2 and other homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes, in PD1, but not in CTNNB1 and KRAS. None of the pathogenic BRCA2 p.D2723G and BRCA1 p.Q563* and c.5266dupC was present at frequencies expected for germline mutations. We observed copy gains (>6 copies) in EGFR (9% of informative tumors), PRKAR1A (7%), PIK3CA (6%), ERBB2 (5%) and MET (4%). TP53 mutations were prevalent in GBC (P<0.001) and PRKAR1A copy gains in ICC (P=0.007). PTEN was frequently co-mutated with CTNNB1 (P<0.001). Unrelated to CTNNB1 mutations, nuclear β-catenin was detected in 45% of tumors, among them in 5/6 hmGBC. We observed strong mRNA expression correlation of the two neuropilins (NRP1 and NRP2) with each other (Spearman's rho 0.59) and with the endothelin receptor (NRP2 rho 0.66; NRP2 rho 0.51), and between VEGFA and its receptors (FLT1 rho 0.49; KDR rho 0.45). All PIK3CA mutated tumors expressed endothelin 1 mRNA (P=0.010). Most tumors expressing nuclear β-catenin were negative for VEGFC (P=0.009) and FLT4 (P=0.002) mRNA expression. In conclusion, we confirmed the presence of known genomic aberrations in BTC and different genotypes between BTC subsets. Novel findings are the coexistence of PI3K and WNT pathway gene alterations in BTC, their association with angiogenesis, and the hypermutated GBCs with HRR gene mutations, all of which may be considered for new treatment options in this difficult to treat disease.
ver historia personal en: www.cerasale.com.ar [dado de baja por la Cancillería Argentina por temas políticos, propio de la censura que rige en nuestro medio]//
weblog.maimonides.edu/farmacia/archives/UM_Informe_Autoevaluacion_FyB.pdf - //
weblog.maimonides.edu/farmacia/archives/0216_Admin_FarmEcon.pdf - //
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