sábado, 17 de septiembre de 2016

Epilepsy in Children | Features | CDC

Epilepsy in Children | Features | CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People

Epilepsy in Children

Group of children

Learn more about how epilepsy affects children and programs available to help families and schools.
The term epilepsy is a broad term used for conditions that affect the brain and cause recurring seizures. About 460,000 children have epilepsy in the United States.1-2 Picture a school with 1,000 students—that means at least 6 students would have epilepsy.
A CDC study showed that students aged 6–17 years with epilepsy were more likely to miss 11 or more days of school in the past year compared with students who had health concerns other than epilepsy. Students with epilepsy were found to be more likely to have difficulties in school, use special education services, and have activity limitations such as less participation in sports or clubs.3 CDC researchers also found that a child or adolescent with epilepsy had an additional $9,103.25 per year in associated medical costs than children without the disorder.4
Young boy reading book
Students with epilepsy struggle more in school.
Young girl with doctor
Talk to your child's doctor about how to manage seizures.
Experts don't know what causes epilepsy in all cases. We do know that it's very important to get appropriate medical care to control seizures. Uncontrolled seizures can:
  • Cause other health problems to develop.
  • Lead to injuries.
  • Increase the risk of death.

Parents can:

  • Talk with your child's heath care provider to make sure your child's seizures are controlled as much as possible.
  • Explore different treatment options for your child with epilepsy.
  • Learn more about how to help teens with epilepsy with CDC's You Are Not Alone toolkit for parents.
  • Encourage your child's school nurse, school staff, or day care providers to become more familiar with epilepsy and first aid for seizures through the Epilepsy Foundation's programs:
Learn more about epilepsy from the CDC Epilepsy Program.


  1.  Russ SA, Larson K, Halfon N. A national profile of childhood epilepsy and seizure disorder. Pediatrics.2012;129:256-264. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2010-1371.
  2. US Census Bureau, Population Division [database online]. Annual estimates of the resident population by sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin for the United States, States, and Counties: April 1, 2010, to July 1, 2013. Release Date: June 2014. html . Accessed February 2, 2015.
  3. Pastor PN, Reuben CA, Kobau R, Helmers SL, Lukacs S. Functional difficulties and school limitations of children with epilepsy: findings from the 2009–2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Disabil Health J. 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2014.09.002.
  4. Miller GF, Coffield E, Leroy Z, Wallin R. Prevalence and costs of five chronic conditions in children. J Sch Nurs. 2016, ePub before print. DOI: 10.1177/1059840516641190.

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