Sci Rep. 2019 Feb 12;9(1):1836. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-38520-y.
The genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with E200K mutation: analysis of clinical, genetic and laboratory features of 30 Chinese patients.
Genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD) with E200K mutation is one of the common subtypes of human genetic prion diseases worldwide. In this study, we systematically analyzed 30 Chinese E200K gCJD cases for their epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and genetic features. The patients came from 12 different provinces, majority in northern part of China. The onset age varied from 42 to 71 year-old (y), with the median of was 57 y. The CYP4X1 gene rs9793471 SNP was tested. Only one patient's rs9793471 genotype was GA and the others' were AA. The gender ratio (M: F) was 1:1.73 (11:19). The foremost symptoms and clinical progression of Chinese E200K gCJD patients were quite similar as sporadic CJD cases. Only a few cases (4/30) recalled clearly disease related family history. 74.1% (20/27), 86.7% (26/30) and 50.0% (13/26) of the cases were CSF 14-3-3 positive, sCJD associated abnormalities on MRI and special PSWC on EEG, respectively. The median clinical duration was 9 months (varying from 2 to 26 months). All 30 Chinese E200K gCJD patients were M129M and E219E homozygous. 21 members from 3 families conducted PRNP sequencing and 16 asymptomatic carriers of E200K mutation with M129M and E219E homozygous were identified. This is the largest study on E200K gCJD patients in China, which would benefit to the knowledge of E200K gCJD.