Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors Treatment Overview (PDQ®)–Health Professional Version
- General Information About Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
- Classification of Central Nervous System Tumors
- General Approach to Care for Children with Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
- Stage Information and Treatment of Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Childhood Brain Tumors
- Stage Information and Treatment of Newly Diagnosed and Recurrent Childhood Spinal Cord Tumors
- Changes to This Summary (08/17/2016)
- About This PDQ Summary
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General Information About Childhood Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors
Dramatic improvements in survival have been achieved for children and adolescents with cancer. Between 1975 and 2010, childhood cancer mortality decreased by more than 50%. Childhood and adolescent cancer survivors require close monitoring because cancer therapy side effects may persist or develop months or years after treatment. Refer to the PDQ summary on Late Effects of Treatment for Childhood Cancer for specific information about the incidence, type, and monitoring of late effects in childhood and adolescent cancer survivors.
Primary brain tumors are a diverse group of diseases that together constitute the most common solid tumor of childhood. Brain tumors are classified according to histology, but tumor location and extent of spread are also important factors that affect treatment and prognosis. Immunohistochemical analysis, cytogenetic and molecular genetic findings, and measures of proliferative activity are increasingly used in tumor diagnosis and classification.
Primary central nervous system tumors are a diverse group of diseases that together constitute the most common solid tumor in childhood. The Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS) estimates that approximately 4,300 U.S. children are diagnosed each year.
- Smith MA, Altekruse SF, Adamson PC, et al.: Declining childhood and adolescent cancer mortality. Cancer 120 (16): 2497-506, 2014. [PUBMED Abstract]
- Ostrom QT, Gittleman H, Farah P, et al.: CBTRUS statistical report: Primary brain and central nervous system tumors diagnosed in the United States in 2006-2010. Neuro Oncol 15 (Suppl 2): ii1-56, 2013. [PUBMED Abstract]
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