jueves, 24 de junio de 2010

Summary of Notifiable Diseases --- United States, 2008

Summary of Notifiable Diseases --- United States, 2008
June 25, 2010 / 57(54);1-94

Prepared by

Patsy A. Hall-Baker, Coordinator, Summary of Notifiable Diseases1

Enrique Nieves, Jr., MS, Acting Division Director1

Ruth Ann Jajosky, DMD1

Deborah A. Adams1

Pearl Sharp1

Willie J. Anderson1

J. Javier Aponte1

Aaron E. Aranas, MPH, MBA1

Susan B. Katz, MPH1

Michelle Mayes1

Michael S. Wodajo1

Diana H. Onweh1

James Baillie1

Meeyoung Park2

1Division of Notifiable Disease Surveillance (Proposed), the Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services (Proposed), CDC

2McKing Consulting Corporation

The Summary of Notifiable Diseases--- United States, 2008 contains the official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases in the United States for 2008. Unless otherwise noted, the data are final totals for 2008 reported as of June 30, 2009. These statistics are collected and compiled from reports sent by state health departments and territories to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS), which is operated by CDC in collaboration with the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE). The Summary is available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/summary.html. This site also includes publications from previous years.

The Highlights section presents noteworthy epidemiologic and prevention information for 2008 for selected diseases and additional information to aid in the interpretation of surveillance and disease-trend data. Part 1 contains tables showing incidence data for the nationally notifiable infectious diseases during 2008.* The tables provide the number of cases reported to CDC for 2008 and the distribution of cases by month, geographic location, and the patient's demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, and ethnicity). Part 2 contains graphs and maps that depict summary data for certain notifiable infectious diseases described in tabular form in Part 1. Part 3 contains tables that list the number of cases of notifiable diseases reported to CDC since 1977. This section also includes a table enumerating deaths associated with specified notifiable diseases reported to CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) during 2002--2006. The Selected Reading section presents general and disease-specific references for notifiable infectious diseases. These references provide additional information on surveillance and epidemiologic concerns, diagnostic concerns, and disease-control activities.

Comments and suggestions from readers are welcome. To increase the usefulness of future editions, comments about the current report and descriptions of how information is or could be used are invited. Comments should be sent to Data Operations Team---NNDSS, Division of Notifiable Disease Surveillance (Proposed), Public Health Surveillance Program Office (Proposed) at soib@cdc.gov.

* No cases of anthrax; diphtheria; Eastern equine encephalitis virus disease, non-neuroinvasive; poliomyelitis, paralytic; poliovirus infection, nonparalytic; Powassan virus disease, nonneuroinvasive; rubella, congenital syndrome; severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV); smallpox; vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) infection; Western equine encephalitis virus disease, neuroinvasive and nonneuroinvasive; and yellow fever were reported in 2008. Data on chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infection (past or present) are not included because they are undergoing data quality review. Data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are not included because HIV infection reporting has been implemented on different dates and using different methods than for AIDS case reporting.

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Summary of Notifiable Diseases --- United States, 2008

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