Clin Lab Med. 2018 Jun;38(2):385-399. doi: 10.1016/j.cll.2018.02.002.
An Update Regarding the Molecular Genetics of Melanocytic Neoplasms and the Current Applications of Molecular Genetic Technologies in Their Diagnosis and Treatment.
Molecular genetic technologies are used to aid in diagnosis and treatment of borderline melanocytic tumors as an adjuvant to the gold standard histopathologic evaluation. A specific set of fluorescence in situ hybridization probes is widely used to aid in diagnosing challenging melanocytic lesions. New melanoma probe cocktails have revealed increased sensitivity and specificity in ambiguous melanocytic cases. Array comparative genomic hybridization is a more complex technology used for the work-up of diagnostically problematic Spitzoid melanocytic proliferations. Cutting-edge technologies, including next-generation sequencing and cell-free nucleic acid analysis, are promising biomarker applications for mutation detection towards personalized patient management.
Cell-free nucleic acid analysis; Comparative genomic hybridization; Fluorescence in situ hybridization; Melanoma; Next-generation sequencing; Programmed death receptor; Spitz tumor