domingo, 27 de noviembre de 2016

Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency and Microsatellite Instability in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma by Targeted Next Generation Sequencing. - PubMed - NCBI

Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency and Microsatellite Instability in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma by Targeted Next Generation Sequencing. - PubMed - NCBI
 2016 Nov 15. pii: S1525-1578(16)30185-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jmoldx.2016.07.010. [Epub ahead of print]

Detection of Mismatch Repair Deficiency and Microsatellite Instability in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma by Targeted Next Generation Sequencing.

Abstract

Mismatch repair protein deficiency (MMR-D) and high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) are features of Lynch syndrome-associated colorectal carcinomas and have implications in clinical management. We evaluate the ability of a targeted next-generation sequencing panel to detect MMR-D and MSI-H based on mutational phenotype. Using a criterion of >40 total mutations per megabase or >5 single-base insertion or deletion mutations in repeats per megabase, sequencing achieves 92% sensitivity and 100% specificity for MMR-D by immunohistochemistry in a training cohort of 149 colorectal carcinomas and 91% sensitivity and 98% specificity for MMR-D in a validation cohort of 94 additional colorectal carcinomas. False-negative samples are attributable to tumor heterogeneity, and next-generation sequencing results are concordant with analysis of microsatellite loci by PCR. In a subset of 95 carcinomas with microsatellite analysis, sequencing achieves 100% sensitivity and 99% specificity for MSI-H in the combined training and validation set. False-positive results for MMR-D and MSI-H are attributable to ultramutated cancers with POLE mutations, which are confirmed by direct sequencing of the POLE gene and are detected by mutational signature analysis. These findings provide a framework for a targeted tumor sequencing panel to accurately detect MMR-D and MSI-H in colorectal carcinomas.
PMID:
 
27863258
 
DOI:
 
10.1016/j.jmoldx.2016.07.010
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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