Rabies is a disease spread from bites by rabid animals. Without treatment, rabies causes death, but if you receive a series of shots after you are bitten, before any symptoms appear, you can prevent infection. That's why it's important to see a doctor as soon as you're bitten by an animal. In the U.S., raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats are the main sources of rabies. Contact with bats should be carefully evaluated. Even though their bites are small and may not seem serious, you should always see a doctor if you think a bat might have bitten you. To help stay rabies free, keep a safe distance from wild and unfamiliar animals.
- Visit your veterinarian with your pet on a regular basis. Keep rabies vaccinations up-to-date for all cats, dogs, and ferrets.
- Keep control of your pets—cats and ferrets should be indoors, and dogs should not be allowed to run free or unsupervised.
- Spay or neuter your pets to help reduce the number of unwanted animals that may not be properly cared for or vaccinated regularly.
- Keep a safe distance from wild animals. If you see a dead animal or a live one acting strangely, call an animal control professional.
- Keep your trash cans closed up tight, and keep food and water indoors. You don’t want to attract wild animals to your home.
- If you’re bitten by an animal, wash the wound with soap and water for 15 minutes, and call a doctor.