Adv Exp Med Biol. 2018;1074:237-245. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-75402-4_29.
Molecular Findings in Families with an Initial Diagnose of Autosomal Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa (adRP).
Daiger SP1,2, Bowne SJ3, Sullivan LS3, Branham K4, Wheaton DK5, Jones KD5, Avery CE3, Cadena ED3, Heckenlively JR4, Birch DG5.
Genetic testing of probands in families with an initial diagnosis of autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP) usually confirms the diagnosis, but there are exceptions. We report results of genetic testing in a large cohort of adRP families with an emphasis on exceptional cases including X-linked RP with affected females; homozygous affected individuals in families with heterozygous, dominant disease; and independently segregating mutations in the same family. Genetic testing was conducted in more than 700 families with a provisional or probable diagnosis of adRP. Exceptions to the proposed mode of inheritance were extracted from our comprehensive patient and family database. In a subset of 300 well-characterized families with a probable diagnosis of adRP, 195 (70%) have dominant mutations in known adRP genes but 25 (8%) have X-linked mutations, 3 (1%) have multiple segregating mutations, and 3 (1%) have dominant-acting mutations in genes previously associated with recessive disease. It is currently possible to determine the underlying disease-causing gene and mutation in approximately 80% of families with an initial diagnosis of adRP, but 10% of "adRP" families have a variant mode of inheritance. Informed genetic diagnosis requires close collaboration between clinicians, genetic counselors, and laboratory scientists.
Autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa; Linkage mapping; Next-generation sequencing; Prevalence of mutations; Retinitis pigmentosa (RP); Semidominant inheritance; X-linked retinitis pigmentosa