August 19, 2015 | CDC Releases Online Maps, Tables of Antibiotic Resistance Trends
NARMS Now: Human Data tracks year-by-year changes in antibiotic resistance by state. (Credit: CDC)
Tool Shows Changes in Antibiotic Resistance
A new interactive tool from CDC makes it easier and quicker to see how antibiotic resistance for four germs spread commonly through food—Campylobacter, E. coli O157, Salmonella, and Shigella—has changed over the past 18 years.
Each year in the United States, antibiotic-resistant germs cause 2 million illnesses and 23,000 deaths. Antibiotic-resistant infections from germs spread commonly through food cause an estimated 440,000 of those illnesses.
NARMS Now: Human Data
The NARMS Now: Human Data tool contains information from the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS).
NARMS Now: Human Data allows users to access antibiotic resistance data by bacterial serotype, antibiotic, year (1996-2013), and geographic region. Users can view data on an interactive map or in tables. NARMS Now: Human Data plans to provide access to the most up-to-date antibiotic resistance results by uploading data regularly.
Using the Data
NARMS Now: Human Data can be used to:
- Inform regulatory agency action.
- Examine the geographic distribution of resistance.
- Monitor changing trends in resistance.
Timely Access to Data
CDC developed NARMS Now: Human Data in response to requests from Congress, consumer groups, academia, and the public for timely access to data on antibiotic resistance. The tool is an important step towards President Obama’sOpen Government Initiative to foster openness in government and establish a culture of transparency, public participation, and collaboration.
The FDA, on behalf of all the NARMS partner agencies, is also making data available online, NARMS Now: Integrated Data. That data helps users to access antibiotic resistance information from isolates from retail meat and animals, and will soon add Campylobacter and non-typhoidal Salmonella from humans.
The FY 2016 President’s Budget requests additional funding for CDC to improve early detection and tracking of drug-resistant Salmonella and other urgent antibiotic resistance threats. The proposed initiative would allow CDC to check nearly every Salmonella sample and many more Campylobactersamples for resistance more quickly.