Studying the genetic diversity and natural polymorphisms of HIV-1 would benefit our understanding of HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) development and predict treatment outcomes. In this study, we have characterized the HIV-1 genetic diversity and natural polymorphisms at the 5' region of pol gene encompassing the protease (PR) and reverse transcriptase (RT) from 271 plasma specimens collected in 2008 from HIV-1-infected patients who were eligible for initiating antiretroviral therapy in Abuja (Nigeria). The analysis indicated that the predominant subtype was subtype G (31.0%), followed by CRF02-AG (19.2 %), CRF43-02G (18.5%), A/CRF36-cpx (11.4%) and the remaining (19.9%) were other subtypes and circulating (CRF) and unique (URF) recombinant forms. Recombinant viruses (68.6%) were the major viral strains in the region. Eighty-four subtype G sequences were further classified into two major and two minor clusters; sequences in the two major clusters were closely related to the HIV-1 strains in two of the three major subtype G clusters detected worldwide. Those in the two minor clusters appear to be new subtype G strains circulating only in Abuja. The pre-treatment DR prevalence was < 3%, however, numerous natural polymorphisms were present. Eleven polymorphic mutations (G16E, K20I, L23P, E35D, M36I, N37D/S/T, R57K, L63P, and V82I) were detected in the PR that were subtype or CRF specific while only 3 mutations (D123N, I135T and I135V) were identified in the RT. Overall, this study indicates an evolving HIV-1 epidemic in Abuja with recombinant viruses becoming the dominant strains and emergence of new subtype G strains; pre-treatment HIVDR was low and natural polymorphism occurrence in PR region was subtype or CRF dependent.
ver historia personal en: www.cerasale.com.ar [dado de baja por la Cancillería Argentina por temas políticos, propio de la censura que rige en nuestro medio]//
weblog.maimonides.edu/farmacia/archives/UM_Informe_Autoevaluacion_FyB.pdf - //
weblog.maimonides.edu/farmacia/archives/0216_Admin_FarmEcon.pdf - //
www.proz.com/kudoz/english_to_spanish/art_literary/523942-key_factors.html - 65k - // www.llave.connmed.com.ar/portalnoticias_vernoticia.php?codigonoticia=17715 // www.frusculleda.com.ar/homepage/espanol/activities_teaching.htm // http://www.on24.com.ar/nota.aspx?idNot=36331 ||
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