Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control
Relationship between tetracycline antibiotic susceptibility and genotype in oral cavity Lactobacilli clinical isolates
Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control20198:27
© The Author(s). 2019
- Published: 4 February 2019
Antibiotic resistance, is often conferred by the presence of antibiotic resistance genes. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between tetracycline resistance (Tet-R) and genotype in 31 Lactobacillus isolates from caries-active patients.
The tetracycline susceptibility of Lactobacillus isolates was determined using the agar spot test and the genetic characteristics associated with tetracycline resistance using whole-genome sequencing (WGS).
The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of most isolates were equal to or lower than the breakpoint MIC values. Four strains that were phenotypically more sensitive (L. fermentum B09, S23 and L. rhamonsus B17) or more resistant (L. plantarum B43) than other isolates to tetracycline were subjected to conduct whole-genome sequencing in order to detect the tetracycline resistance genes. The results revealed that the most common Tet-R genes in Lactobacillus strains were tetT, tetW, tetO and tetL. In addition, tetPB, tcr3 and otrA were detected for the first time. There were distinct Tet-R gene mutations in Lactobacillus isolates. Overall, the mean expression values of Tet-R-mutated genes in L. plantarum B43 were elevated, and the relative expression levels of tetT and tetW genes in L. rhamonsus B17 L. fermentum B09 and S23 were decreased relative to reference strains.
The results of this study indicate that Lactobacillus isolates from saliva of caries-active patients do not present considerable tetracycline resistance reservoirs. However, genetic compounds associated with tetracycline resistance were identified by whole-genome sequencing, providing meaningful insights into tetracycline resistance mechanisms.
- Tetracycline resistance
- Minimum inhibitory concentration
- Whole-genome sequencing