Journal of Neuroinflammation
Combined utility of white blood cell count and blood glucose for predicting in-hospital outcomes in acute ischemic stroke
Journal of Neuroinflammation201916:37
© The Author(s). 2019
- Published: 14 February 2019
High white blood cell (WBC) count and high blood glucose level are risk factors for mortality and pneumonia after acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We investigated the combined effect of high WBC count and high blood glucose level on hospital admission and in-hospital mortality and pneumonia in acute AIS patients.
A total of 3124 AIS patients enrolled from December 2013 to May 2014 across 22 hospitals in Suzhou city were included in the present study. We divided patients into four groups according to their level of WBC count and blood glucose: NWNG (normal WBC count and normal glucose), NWHG (normal WBC count and higher glucose), HWNG (higher WBC count and normal glucose), and HWHG (higher WBC count and higher glucose). Cox proportional hazard model and logistic regression model were used to estimate the combined effect of WBC count and blood glucose on all-cause in-hospital mortality and pneumonia in AIS patients.
HWHG was associated with a 2.22-fold increase in the risk of in-hospital mortality in comparison to NWNG (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.21–4.07; P trend = 0.003). The risk of pneumonia was significantly higher in patients with HWHG compared to those with NWNG (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.61; 95% CI, 1.66–4.10; P trend < 0.001). The C-statistic for the combined WBC count and blood glucose was higher than WBC count or blood glucose alone for prediction of in-hospital mortality and pneumonia (all p < 0.01).
High WBC count combined with high blood glucose level at admission was independently associated with in-hospital mortality and pneumonia in AIS patients. Moreover, the combination of WBC count and blood glucose level appeared to be a better predictor than WBC count or blood glucose alone.
- Acute ischemic stroke
- White blood cell
- Blood glucose
- Combined effect
- In-hospital outcomes