In a study that has implications for humans with inflammatory diseases, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and colleagues have found that, given over a six-week period, the artificial sweetener sucralose, known by the brand name Splenda, worsens gut inflammation in mice with Crohn's-like disease, but had no substantive effect on those without the condition.
Being obese or having a higher body mass index while carrying a BRCA (BReast CAncer gene) mutation is positively linked with higher levels of damage to the DNA in normal breast gland cells, new research suggests.
Campylobacter is a genus containing several species of Gram-negative spiral or curved bacteria with one, two or no polar flagellum and a corkscrew motility. They are microaerophilic, but some require hydrogen for growth. They are being recognized as important causes of human gastroenteritis in developed and developing countries and also because of the serious post-infectious sequelae associated with the disease.
Results of an analysis from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine show that additional therapy, or adjuvant therapy, delivered after surgical removal of a rare type of gastrointestinal tumor does not increase survival rates for patients.
Microsporidosis represents an infection with the spore-forming, obligate intracellular protists. Patients suffering from infections with microsporidia are prone to developing enteritis, keratoconjunctivitis and disseminated diseases that involve muscles and other organs.
Acrokeratosis paraneoplastica is also known as Bazex syndrome and is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, a constellation of findings, which is due to the underlying presence of a systemic malignancy. It is important to take note of such conditions because a high index of suspicion is needed to make a diagnosis of the malignancy.
Gluten is a family of proteins that make up about 85% to 90% of the protein composition found in wheat, barley, rye and some other grains. It is made up of almost equal proportions of two types of proteins called gliadins and glutenins, of which each has many subtypes. Thus, the genetic diversity of gluten is staggering.
A study by the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute found that contrary to current hepatitis C treatment guidelines, an eight-week treatment regimen may be just as effective as 12 weeks in black patients.
Among U.S. teenagers and young adults with severe obesity, a new study finds that only a small percentage undergo weight loss surgery, even though it is broadly considered the most effective long-term weight loss therapy.
VCU Massey Cancer Center researchers have identified two genes that are responsible for governing the replication of the Epstein-Barr virus, an infection that drives the growth of several types of cancer.
Alcohol use early in the pregnancy by the mother may be a risk factor for a condition in which an infant's intestines develop outside the abdomen, according to a study published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine.
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