viernes, 30 de junio de 2017

'Exciting' advances in prostate cancer research this year | Health.mil

'Exciting' advances in prostate cancer research this year | Health.mil

Health.mil

'Exciting' advances in prostate cancer research this year

The National Cancer Institute estimates more than 161,000 men in the United States will be diagnosed with prostate cancer this year alone.

The National Cancer Institute estimates more than 161,000 men in the United States will be diagnosed with the prostate cancer this year alone.



FALLS CHURCH, Va. — Prostate cancer may be thought of as a disease that primarily impacts older men, but all men – regardless of age – should be aware of their risk. It is the second most common cancer among males in the United States, behind only skin cancer. But there is good news: It’s highly treatable if detected early.
“Many men die with prostate cancer and not from it,” said Army Lt. Col. Dustin Boyer, Office of the Surgeon General Consultant for Radiation Oncology at Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii. Roughly one in six males will be diagnosed with it in his lifetime. The National Cancer Institute estimates more than 161,000 men in the United States will be diagnosed with the disease this year alone. Nearly all of them – more than 98 percent – will be alive five years after diagnosis.
“We’ve seen some pretty exciting advances over the past year, from a better understanding of the genetics of prostate cancer to improved imaging modalities and targeted drugs,” said Boyer. A recent study of a personalized genetic test has proven to predict the risk of prostate cancer returning after prostate gland removal or radiotherapy, he said. The test identifies abnormal genetic DNA of the prostate cancer and its oxygen content.
“The studies suggest that this information can predict with almost 80 percent accuracy, and in about three days, the prostate cancer patients who are at greatest risk of recurrence,” said Boyer. “This is a good thing because identifying patients who will [most likely] die from other causes will allow us to follow these patients and avoid the side effects of treatment. It will also identify patients who are likely to die from the disease [if untreated] and thus should be treated more aggressively.”
Although the chance of developing prostate cancer increases with age, younger men can still be at risk. Men who are 40 or older, have a male relative with a history of prostate cancer, or are African-American have a higher risk of developing the cancer.
In the past, men age 50 or older were encouraged to have a prostate-specific antigen blood test – also known as a PSA test – every year to screen for prostate cancer. In 2012, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended against PSA screening, citing that the slow-growing disease is often overdiagnosed and overtreated. The task force concluded that the side effects of treatment, as well as the psychological and emotional distress of diagnosis, can do more harm than good. Side effects can include urinary, bowel, or erectile dysfunction, fatigue, pain, vomiting, and nausea, among others.
Since prostate cancer advances slowly, not all cases require treatment. Patients can discuss alternative options with their physician, such as monitoring the cancer – known as active surveillance. The American Urology Association recommends males age 55 to 69 get screened every two years, and recommends discussing PSA testing with a doctor.
“If you have any concerns about your risk for prostate cancer, it’s best to talk to your primary care provider about the risks and benefits of PSA screening,” said Boyer. Early stages of the disease do not show symptoms. Signs of more advanced prostate cancer are trouble urinating, blood in urine, and discomfort in the pelvic area.
There is no definitive way to prevent prostate cancer, but there are things men can do that might lower their risk, said Boyer. These include eating a nutritious diet, being physically active, and maintaining a healthy weight. A diet that includes at least two-and-a-half cups of a wide variety of vegetables and fruits each day can’t hurt, he added.
“It’s important to spread awareness about prostate cancer,” said Boyer. “It may not impact your life right now, but knowing what to look out for and what questions to ask can help later on in life.”


Sexually transmitted infections: By any other name, they're preventable

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6/28/2017
Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Oliver Arceo draws blood from a sailor at the Naval Air Station North Island medical clinic in Coronado, California, for routine HIV testing. (U.S. Navy photo by Petty Officer 1st Class Marie Montez)
The term for germs spread through sexual contact has changed over the years, from venereal diseases to sexually transmitted diseases and now, sexually transmitted infections or STIs
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Men's Health: Heart disease

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6/27/2017
A blue 3D drawing of a human heart with large red blood cells flowing out. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 321,000 men died from heart disease in 2013, or one in every four male deaths. (NIH courtesy image)
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 321,000 men died from heart disease in 2013, or one in every four male deaths
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Men need to take control of their health

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6/22/2017
Lt. Cmdr. David Griffin, a urologist at Naval Hospital Pensacola, discusses a treatment plan with a patient in the Urology Clinic. Some of the common conditions seen at the clinic include male infertility, sexual health, kidney stones, urinary tract infections, urologic cancers, blood in the urine, urinary problems, vasectomies and more. (U.S. Navy photo by Jason Bortz)
Men need to take control of their health, not just during Men’s Health Month but year round
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Prevent TBIs this summer and beyond

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6/21/2017
Each year, more than 1 million people visit the emergency room because of TBIs. And contrary to common belief, most TBIs experienced by service members result from motor vehicle accidents, not exposures to blasts. TBI can damage your brain tissue, and it can impair your speech and language skills, balance and motor coordination, and memory. (MHS graphic)
Each year, more than 1 million people visit the emergency room because of TBIs. And contrary to common belief, most TBIs experienced by service members result from motor vehicle accidents, not exposures to blasts. TBI can damage your brain tissue, and it can impair your speech and language skills, balance and motor coordination and memory
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Men's health is important too

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6/20/2017
June marks Men’s Health Month, an opportunity to increase awareness about health issues important to men such as prostate, testicular, skin and colon cancers, hypertension, obesity and heart disease. (MHS graphic)
This month the Military Health System will focus on the importance of recognizing preventable health problems and encouraging early detection and treatment of disease among men and boys in the DoD community
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Absolute and Relative Morbidity Burdens Attributable to Various Illnesses and Injuries, Active Component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016

Infographic
6/19/2017
Did you know  … ? In 2016, essential hypertension accounted for 52,586 encounters for health care among 29,612 active component service members in the U.S. Armed Forces. Of all cardiovascular diseases, essential hypertension is by far the most common specific condition diagnosed among active duty service members. Untreated hypertension increases the risks of subsequent ischemic heart disease (heart attack), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), and kidney failure. CHART: Healthcare burdens attributable to cardiovascular diseases, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2016 Major condition: • For all other cardiovascular the number of medical encounters was 70,781, Rank 29, number of individuals affected was 35,794 with a rank of 30. The number of bed days was 4,285 with a rank of 21. • For essential hypertension the number of medical encounters was 52,586, rank 35, number of individuals affected was 29,612 with a rank of 35. The number of bed days was 151 with a rank of 86. • For cerebrovascular disease the number of medical encounters was 7,772, rank 79, number of individuals affected was 1,708, with a rank of 96. The number of bed days was 2,107 with a rank of 32. • For ischemic heart disease the number of medical encounters was 6,629, rank 83, number of individuals affected 2,399 with a rank of 87. The number of bed days was 1,140 with a rank of 42. • For inflammatory the number of medical encounters was 2,221, rank 106, number of individuals affected 1,302 with a rank of 97. The number of bed days was 297 with a rank of 72. • For rheumatic heart disease the number of medical encounters was 319, rank 125, number of individuals affected 261, with a rank of 121. The number of bed days was 2 with a rank of 133. Learn more about healthcare burdens attributable to various diseases and injuries by visiting Health.mil/MSMRArchives. #LoveYourHeart Infogaphic graphic features transparent graphic of a man’s heart illuminated within his chest.
This infographic documents healthcare burdens attributable to cardiovascular diseases among active component, U.S. Armed Forces in 2016.
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Men's Health: Take charge

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6/9/2017
Men should see their primary care manager for regular checkups. Checkups can help diagnose issues early, before they become a problem, and sometimes before symptoms appear. (U.S. Navy photo)
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Retired soldier says bad health behaviors a 'guy thing,' vows to get healthier

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6/8/2017
Russell Henderson, retired from the Army since 2002, tries to shed his "guy thing" bad habit of not getting enough exercise by using an elliptical machine at the gym. (Courtesy photo)
Men are more likely to make bad health choices than women, sometimes blaming it on being a 'guy thing'
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Men’s vitality, good health habits formed in uniform go together

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6/7/2017
Retired Army Maj. Bill Gleason’s active lifestyle in Savannah, Georgia, includes cycling and sharing full-time day care duties with his wife for three grandchildren ages 8, 6, and 4. (Courtesy photo)
Men can maintain strength and vitality by sticking with the good health habits they formed in the military.
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Men’s Health Month: Making smart choices every day, all year long

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6/1/2017
Dr. Don Shell is director of disease prevention, disease management, and population health policy and oversight in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs, Health Policy Oversight. (Courtesy photo)
June is Men’s Health Month, a time to remind the almost 4.8 million male beneficiaries in the Military Health System to get age-appropriate health screenings
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Erectile Dysfunction among Male Active Component Service members

Infographic
5/25/2017
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to achieve and sustain an erection that is adequate for sexual intercourse. ED can result from a problem with any of the above: • Hormones • Emotions • Nerves • Muscles • Blood vessels These factors are required for an erection include. Picture is a brain (left) and a male figure (right) showing the heart and main arteries of the body. The top three most common ED diagnoses are: 1. Psychosexual dysfunction 2. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder 3. Male orgasmic disorder Image shows a couple outside together during sunset. House displays in background. Causes of ED (Shows cut out of male body highlighting areas of the body where causes happen) • Unrealistic sexual expectations • Depression/ Anxiety/ Stress or other mental health issues • High blood pressure • Diabetes • Obesity • Injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord • Low testosterone • Aging, Substance Abuse Demographics: • Incidence rate of erectile dysfunction are higher among black, non-Hispanic servicemen when compared to other race/ethnicity groups. • Black non-Hispanic service members have higher incidence rates of several conditions known to be risk factors for erectile dysfunction, including hypertension, obesity and diabetes. • Separated, divorced and widowed servicemen had a higher incidence rate of ED than servicemen never married. • Servicemen never deployed had the highest crude incidence rate of erectile dysfunction. Get the facts • Erectile dysfunction is the most common sexual complaint reported by men to healthcare providers • Among male service members nearly half of erectile dysfunction cases related predominantly or exclusively to psychological factors. • Incidence rates of psychogenic erectile dysfunction are greater than organic erectile dysfunction for service members. • Organic erectile dysfunction can result from physical factors such as obesity, smoking, diabetes, cardiovascular disease or medication use. • Highest incidence rates were observed in those aged 60 years or older. • Those 40 years or older are most commonly diagnosed with erectile dysfunction. Effective against erectile dysfunction • Regular exercise  ( Shows soldier running) • Psychological counseling (Shows two soldiers engaging in mental health counseling. They are seating on a couch).  • Quit smoking ( shows lit cigarette)  • Stop substance abuse ( Shows to shot glasses filled with alcohol) • Nutritional supplements ( Shows open pill bottle of supplements) • Surgical treatment ( Shows surgical instruments) Talk to your partner Although Erectile Dysfunction (ED) is a difficult issue for sex partners to discuss, talking openly can often be the best way to resolve stress and discover underlying causes. If you are experiencing erectile dysfunction, explore treatment options with your doctor. Learn more about ED by reading ‘Erectile Dysfunction Among Male Active Component Service Members, U.S. Armed Forces, 2004 – 2013.’ Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR) Vol. 21 No. 9 – September 2014 at www.Health.mil/MSMRArchives. Follow us on Twitter at AFHSBPAGE. #MensHealth
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the persistent inability to achieve and sustain an erection that is adequate for sexual intercourse. This infographic provides details on the ways ED impacts male active component services members of the U.S. Armed Forces.
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Routine Screening for HIV Antibodies Among Male Civilian Applicants

Infographic
3/24/2017
This graphic shows the results of routine screening for antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among both male civilian applicants for U.S. military service and male service members of the U.S. Armed Forces, active component - Army during  January 2015 through June 2016 surveillance period. 368,369 males out of 463,132 civilian applicants for U.S. military service were tested for antibodies to HIV. Out of 124 civilian applicants that were HIV positive, 114 were male. Throughout the period, seroprevalences were much higher among males than females.  As for U.S. Armed Forces active component, 467,011 male service members out of 548,974 were tested for antibodies to HIV. Out of 120 soldiers that were HIV positive 117 were male. Annual seroprevalences for male active component Army members greatly exceed those of females. During the 2015, on average, one new HIV infection was detected among active duty army soldiers per 5,265 screening tests.  HIV-1 is the cause of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and has had major impacts on the health of populations and on healthcare systems worldwide. Of 515 active component soldiers diagnosed with HIV infections since 2011, a total of 291 (57%) were still in the military. Get tested and learn more by reading the Medical Surveillance Monthly Report at Health.Mil/MSMR.
Since October 1985, the U.S. military has conducted routine screening for antibodies to Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) to enable adequate, timely medical evaluations, treatment and counseling, and protect the battlefield blood supply. This infographic provides information on routine screening for antibodies to HIV among male civilian ...
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5 Major Categories of Abdominal Hernia

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3/17/2017
An abdominal hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a defect in the abdominal wall. This infographic provides information on incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia that were documented in health records of 72,404 active component service members from 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014.  A total of 87,480 incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia were documented in health records of 72,404 active component service members. Here are highlights of the findings from this study: • The give types of abdominal hernia categories used in this analysis were: inguinal, umbilical ventral/ incisional, femoral and “other.” •  During the 10-year interval, incidence rates for most of the five types of hernia trended downward but increased for umbilical hernias in both males and females and ventral/ incisional hernias among females. • Overall incidence rate of inguinal hernias among males was six times the rate among females. • Incidence rates of femoral, ventral/ incisional and umbilical hernias were higher among females than males. • For most types of hernia incidence rates tend to be higher among older age groups.  Abdominal hernias are diagnosed most frequently in the inguinal, umbilical, and femoral regions, but another category of relatively common hernias of the anterior abdominal wall includes ventral and incisional hernias. Health records contained documentation for 35,624 surgical procedures whose description corresponded to the types of hernia diagnoses in U.S. military service members. Learn more about the findings of the study at Health.mil/MSMR
An abdominal hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a defect in the abdominal wall. This infographic provides information on incident diagnoses of the five types of abdominal hernia that were documented in health records of 72,404 active component service members from 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014.
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Preventive Services for Standard Beneficiaries

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1/6/2017
Preventive Services for Standard Beneficiaries
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Preventive Services for Prime Beneficiaries

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1/3/2017
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1 comentario:

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