lunes, 5 de septiembre de 2016

immune thrombocytopenia - Genetics Home Reference

immune thrombocytopenia - Genetics Home Reference

Genetics Home Reference, Your Guide to Understanding Genetic Conditions

08/30/2016 11:30 PM EDT

Source: National Library of Medicine - NIH
Related MedlinePlus Page: Platelet Disorders

immune thrombocytopenia

Immune thrombocytopenia is a disorder characterized by a blood abnormality called thrombocytopenia, which is a shortage of blood cells called platelets that are involved in clotting.
Affected individuals can develop frequent bruising or red or purple spots (purpura) on the skin caused by bleeding just under the skin's surface. People with immune thrombocytopenia can have significant bleeding episodes, such as nose bleeds (epistaxis) or bleeding in the moist lining (mucosae) of the mouth. In severe cases, individuals may have gastrointestinal bleeding or heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia). In very rare instances, bleeding inside the skull (intracranial hemorrhage) can occur, which can be life-threatening. A greater reduction in platelet numbers is often associated with more frequent bleeding episodes and an increased risk of severe bleeding.
While immune thrombocytopenia can be diagnosed at any time, there are two periods when the condition is most likely to develop: early childhood and late adulthood. In children, the reduction in platelets is usually sudden, but platelet levels usually return to normal levels within weeks to months. Immune thrombocytopenia in children is often preceded by a minor infection, such as an upper respiratory infection, but the relationship between the infection and immune thrombocytopenia is not clear. In adults, the development of immune thrombocytopenia is gradual and the condition tends to persist throughout life.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario