FGFR2 genotype and risk of radiation-associated breast cancer in Hodgkin lymphoma.
Section of Cancer Genetics, Institute of Cancer Research, 15 Cotswold Rd., Sutton, United Kingdom.
Women treated at young ages with supradiaphragmatic radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) have a highly increased risk of breast cancer. For personalized advice and follow-up regimens for patients, information is needed on how the radiotherapy-related risk is affected by other breast cancer risk factors. Genome-wide association studies have identified 14 independently replicated common single nucleotide polymorphisms that influence breast cancer risk. To examine whether these variants contribute to risk of radiation-associated breast cancer in HL, we analyzed 2 independent case-control series, from the United Kingdom and The Netherlands, totaling 693 HL patients, 232 with breast cancer and 461 without. rs1219648, which annotates the FGFR2 gene, was associated with risk in both series (combined per-allele odds ratio = 1.59, 95% confidence interval: 1.26-2.02; P = .000111). These data provide evidence that genetic variation in FGFR2 influences radiation-induced breast cancer risk.
- [PubMed - in process]