Int J Breast Cancer. 2018 May 9;2018:4809183. doi: 10.1155/2018/4809183. eCollection 2018.
Precision Medicine for Breast Cancer: The Paths to Truly Individualized Diagnosis and Treatment.
Precision medicine in oncology seeks to individualize each patient's treatment regimen based on an accurate assessment of the risk of recurrence or progression of that person's cancer. Precision will be achieved at each phase of care, from detection to diagnosis to surgery, systemic therapy, and radiation therapy, to survivorship and follow-up care. The precision arises from detailed knowledge of the inherent biological propensities of each tumor, rather than generalizing treatment approaches based on phenotypic, or even genotypic, categories. Extensive research is being conducted in multiple disciplines, including radiology, pathology, molecular biology, and surgical, medical, and radiation oncology. Clinical trial design is adapting to the new paradigms and moving away from grouping heterogeneous patient populations into limited treatment comparison arms. This review touches on several areas invested in clinical research. This special issue highlights the specific work of a number of groups working on precision medicine for breast cancer.