viernes, 9 de marzo de 2018

ISENTRESS Label Recently Updated

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The ISENTRESS (raltegravir) and ISENTRESS (raltegravir) HD label was recently updated to include Week 96 data from the Phase 3 trial (ONCEMRK) which evaluated ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 x 600 mg) once daily versus ISENTRESS 400 mg twice daily, both in combination with emtricitabine (+) tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected subjects with HIV-1 RNA ≥1000 copies/mL. At Week 96, the proportion of subjects with HIV RNA < 40 copies/mL was 82% for ISENTRESS HD vs 80% for ISENTRESS [treatment difference 1.4% (95% CI: -4.4%, 7.3%)].

The safety profile at Week 96 was similar to that observed through Week 48.  At 96 weeks, in treatment-naïve subjects receiving ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg (2 x 600 mg) once daily, Grade 2 or higher laboratory abnormalities that represent a worsening Grade from baseline of AST, ALT or total bilirubin occurred in 27%, 40% and 13%, respectively, of co-infected subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily as compared to 7%, 5% and 3% of all other subjects treated with ISENTRESS HD 1200 mg once daily.

By Week 96 in the ONCEMRK trial, primary raltegravir resistance substitutions were observed in on treatment isolates obtained from 4 (3 with N155H and 1 with E92Q) of 14 virologic failure subjects with evaluable genotypic data in the 1,200 mg QD arm and 2 (1 with N155H and 1 with T97A) of 6 virologic failure subjects in the 400 mg BID arm. Additional integrase substitutions observed included L74M, Q95K, V151I, E170A, I203M, and D232N. These resistant isolates exhibited 6.2- to 19-fold reductions in susceptibility to raltegravir. Overall, at Week 96, detection of raltegravir resistance was not different between the QD and BID arms in subjects who were failing treatment and had resistance data evaluable (28.6% versus 33.3%, respectively).

The updated label will soon be available at drugs@fda or DailyMed

Steve Morin
Office of Health and Constituent Affairs
Food and Drug Administration

Kimberly Struble
Division of Antiviral Products
Food and Drug Administration

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