Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
A quality improvement program for adolescents with cystic fibrosis: focus on psychosocial skills
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases201813(Suppl 1):7
© The Author(s). 2018
Published: 8 February 2018
The two pediatric cystic fibrosis centers (CFCs) in Paris (Robert Debré) and Nantes, France, have been developing therapeutic patient education (TPE) programs since 2006 and have been engaged in the pilot phase of the quality improvement program (QIP) named the Hospital Program to Improve Outcomes and Expertise in Cystic Fibrosis (PHARE-M) since 2011. The objective was to improve the FEV1 of the cohort of adolescents to prepare them for their optimal transition to an adult CFC.
The two CFCs formed a multidisciplinary quality team and used the analysis of causes of insufficient respiratory function taking into account the adolescents’ psychosocial factors. At the Nantes CFC, the approach was centered on adolescents’ body image and their motivation to take care of themselves by assigning specific aspects of patient follow-up to each professional in the team. At R. Debré, an individual cause-and-effect diagram identified for each patient the medical and psychosocial factors that could account for insufficient respiratory function. Personalized actions were offered to each patient.
In 2014, the median FEV1 (Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second) of the adolescent cohort exceeds 90% at the 2 CFCs (Nantes and R. Debré). Between 2011 and 2014 both centers improved their ranking for FEV1% in adolescents in the Registry histograms. At R. Debré, the personalized process allowed to reinforce equality of care, offering to all the opportunity to benefit from TPE sessions and coaching with an adapted physical activity teacher. The psychologist developed a specific tool to support the patient-centered process.
The link between TPE and QIP was strong at our two centers enhancing patient centered care and targeting an optimal transition to an adult program.
Cystic fibrosisQuality improvement programTherapeutic patient educationTransition for adolescentsFEV1