Today, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) announced that HIV diagnoses have declined by almost 20 percent over the past decade, but gay and bisexual men are not seeing equal levels of success, and Southern states are lagging behind.
A CDC analysis announced on the opening day of the National HIV Prevention Conference in Atlanta shows national trends in HIV diagnoses from 2005-2014. Among the key findings:
- Diagnoses declined 19% between 2005-2014, driven by dramatic declines among heterosexuals (35%), people who inject drugs (63%), and African Americans (22%) -- with the steepest declines among black women (42%).
- For gay and bisexual men, trends over the decade have varied by race and ethnicity. Among white gay and bisexual men, diagnoses dropped steadily, decreasing 18 percent. Diagnoses among Latino gay and bisexual men continued to rise and were up 24 percent. Diagnoses among black gay and bisexual men also increased (22 percent) between 2005 and 2014, but that increase has leveled off since 2010.
- A similar trend was seen among young black gay and bisexual men ages 13-24, who experienced a steep 87 percent increase in diagnoses between 2005 and 2014. Between 2010 and 2014, however, the trend has leveled off (with a 2 percent decline).
In a separate analysis, CDC announced an update on state-by-state progress related to HIV prevention and care that shows substantial gaps between Southern states and the rest of the country—death rates are higher in the South than any other U.S. region and many Southerners are unaware of their HIV infection.