Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Adherence with metreleptin therapy and health self-perception in patients with lipodystrophic syndromes
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases201914:177
© The Author(s). 2019
- Published: 12 July 2019
Although metreleptin replacement therapy was shown to improve metabolic alterations in lipodystrophic syndromes, patients’ adherence and satisfaction with treatment have never been evaluated. The 20 patients with lipodystrophic syndromes participating in the French compassionate program of metreleptin therapy filled in a self-questionnaire including an Adherence Evaluation Test, the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM®-vII), and items about physical appearance.
15 patients were women, median age was 32.5 years (IQT 25–75 (16.2;49.5), 18 had diabetes. Adherence with metreleptin (one daily subcutaneous injection) was poor in 25%, excellent in 25% and acceptable in 50% of patients. On a 0-to-100 scale, patients’ satisfaction scores reached 66.7 (52.1;81.2) for effectiveness, 55.6 (44.4;66.7) for ease/comfort of use, and 83.3 (52.1;83.3) for global satisfaction with metreleptin therapy. Self-reported side effects were frequent injection site reactions 100 (79.2;100). Satisfaction scores did not differ in patients with partial (n = 10) or generalized (n = 10) lipodystrophic syndromes, did not correlate with metabolic improvement, but were significantly higher in compliant patients with fewer side effects. Morphological appearance was reported improved under metreleptin therapy in 13 among 17 patients.
Metreleptin increases health self-perception and decreases morphotype-associated stigmatization in most patients with lipodystrophic syndromes, but poor comfort of use and local side effects weaken adherence.
- Lipodystrophic syndromes
- Metreleptin therapy
- Health self-perception
- Social interactions