viernes, 29 de abril de 2016

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Matters for Women[TM] E-Newsletter Update

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Matters for Women[TM] E-Newsletter Update

Health Matters for Women newsletter from the CDC - US Department of Health and Human Services - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

New from CDC

Vital Signs: Preparing for Local Mosquito-Borne Transmission of Zika Virus — United States, 2016
Widespread Zika virus transmission in the Region of the Americas has heightened the urgency of preparing for the possibility of expansion of mosquito-borne transmission of Zika virus during the 2016 mosquito season.
Patterns in Zika Virus Testing and Infection, by Report of Symptoms and Pregnancy Status — United States, January 3–March 5, 2016
During January 3–March 5, 2016, Zika virus testing was performed in the United States for 4,534 people who traveled to or moved from areas with active Zika virus transmission; 3,335 (73.6%) were pregnant women. Among 1,541 people who received testing and reported symptoms, 182 (11.8%) had confirmed Zika virus infection.

Survey of Blood Collection Centers and Implementation of Guidance for Prevention of Transfusion-Transmitted Zika Virus Infection — Puerto Rico, 2016
All 12 (100%) blood collection centers and 51 (91.1%) of 56 hospitals performing transfusions responded to the survey. During 2015, a total of 82,381 whole blood units were reported to have been collected in Puerto Rico.
CDC and OSHA Issue Interim Guidance for Protecting Workers from Occupational Exposure to Zika Virus
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued new guidance and information for protecting workers from occupational exposure to Zika virus.

Estimating Contraceptive Needs and Increasing Access to Contraception in Response to the Zika Virus Disease Outbreak — Puerto Rico, 2016
Among the 715,000 women of reproductive age in Puerto Rico, an estimated total of 138,000, or nearly 1 in 5 women, including 55,000 aged 15–19 years and 83,000 aged 20–44 years, do not want to become pregnant, are not using one of the most effective or moderately effective contraceptive methods, and could therefore have an unintended pregnancy.

Changes in Life Expectancy by Race and Hispanic Origin in the United States, 2013–2014
Life expectancy at birth increased by 0.2 years for Hispanic females, remained unchanged for non-Hispanic black females, and declined by 0.1 years for non-Hispanic white females.
Five Minutes for Health
Take 5! Or less! Small changes that only take a little time can go a long way to improve or maintain good health.
Arthritis on the Rise
CDC estimates that the number of men and women with arthritis will increase almost 49% to more than 78 million in 2040. About half of those with arthritis are working age adults—age 18 to 64 years.
Increase in Suicide in the United States, 1999–2014
Suicide rates increased from 1999 through 2014 for both males and females and for all ages 10–74. Although based on a small number of suicides compared with other age groups (150 in 2014), the suicide rate for females aged 10–14 had the largest percent increase (200%) during the time period, tripling from 0.5 per 100,000 in 1999 to 1.5 in 2014.
Health Disparities in Cancer
Health disparities are differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of a disease and the related adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups. Disparities affect many groups of people, including racial and ethnic minorities, residents of rural areas, women, children and adolescents, the elderly, people with disabilities, and the uninsured.
Learn About Cronobacter Infection
Cronobacter (formerly called Enterobacter sakazakii) is a germ found naturally in the environment that can survive in very dry conditions. Cronobacter has been found in dry foods, such as powdered infant formula, powdered milk, herbal teas, and starches.
New Patient Education Materials
CDC and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) developed new patient education resources titled “Healthy Babies: One at a Time.” These materials provide information on ways to reduce the chance of multiple births during in-vitro fertilization and the risks of twin pregnancies.
Prevent Sexual Assault Before it Starts
In the United States, 1 in 5 women have experienced completed or attempted rape, and about 1 in 15 men have been made to penetrate someone in their lifetime.
Short Interpregnancy Intervals in 2014: Differences by Maternal Demographic Characteristics
Nearly 29.0% of U.S. mothers who had a second or higher-order birth in 2014 had a short interpregnancy interval of less than 18 months.
Less HPV Infections Mean Healthier Communities of Color
Human papillomavirus (or HPV) causes several types of cancers, and some communities of color have higher rates of these cancers.
QuickStats: Percentage of Adults with Fair or Poor Health, by Home Ownership Status and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2014
In 2014, 7% of renters aged 18–39 years assessed their health as fair or poor compared with 4% of homeowners. Among adults aged 40–64 years, 23% of renters reported fair or poor health compared with 11% of homeowners.
QuickStats: Percentage of Adults with a Visit to a Health Professional in the Past 12 Months Who Received Dietary Advice, by Obesity Status and Age Group — National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2014
In 2014, among adults with a doctor visit in the past 12 months, approximately half (49.7%) of adults with obesity had a doctor or other health professional talk to them about their diet.
Daily Water Intake Among U.S. Men and Women, 2009–2012
Among U.S. adults, men consumed an average of 3.46 liters (117 ounces) of water per day, and women consumed 2.75 liters (93 ounces) per day. Non-Hispanic white men and women consumed more water daily than non-Hispanic black and Hispanic men and women.
Reduced Disparities in Birth Rates Among Teens Aged 15–19 Years — United States, 2006–2007 and 2013–2014
Nationally, from 2006 to 2014, the teen birth rate declined 41% overall (from 41.1 per 1,000 to 24.2 per 1,000). The largest decline occurred among Hispanics (51%, from 77.4 to 38.0), followed by blacks (44%, from 61.9 to 34.9), and then whites (35%, from 26.7 to 17.3).
Opioid Prescriptions Among Women of Reproductive Age Enrolled in Medicaid — New York, 2008–2013
The average proportion of women of reproductive age who received prescriptions for opioids during 2008–2013 was 20.0%, ranging from a low of 18.7% in 2008 to a high of 20.9% in 2011.

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