viernes, 20 de marzo de 2015

NCHHSTP Newsroom: 2014 TB Data Finds Progress Amid Challenges

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Today CDC released the latest TB surveillance data for the U.S. showing that TB control is working, and that we are steadily moving towards the elimination of this deadly disease. However, data also suggest that progress is slowing – with 2013-2014 revealing the smallest decline in the TB rate since 1992.
Key Findings:
  • TB cases and rates continue to drop: A total of 9,412 cases were reported in 2014 with a 2.2 percent decline in the rate from 2013, to 3.0 cases per 100,000 population.
  • TB strikes with a heavy blow in certain communities and vulnerable populations: The TB rate among foreign-born individuals in 13 times higher than among those born in the U.S. Compared to whites, the TB rate for Asians is 29 times higher, and is eight times higher among both blacks and Hispanics.
  • Drug-resistant TB remains relatively rare in the U.S., but it is a costly and severe obstacle with the potential to upend decades of progress: In 2013, multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB accounted for 1.3 percent of cases, or 96 total cases. One case of extensively-drug resistant (XDR) TB was reported so far in 2014. These cases are much harder to treat and more likely to be fatal.
For more information, please see our fact sheet summarizing the TB surveillance data. Additional media resources including key graphics can be found on the NCHHSTP online newsroom.

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