MMWR- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
MMWR News Synopsis for March 26, 2015
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Employment and Activity Limitations — United States, 2013
COPD patients who smoke should be encouraged to quit and provided with the support they need to do so. All COPD patients might benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation and a personalized exercise regimen.Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an important contributor to both death and disability in the United States. In this study, adults who reported having COPD were more likely than those without COPD to report being unable to work, activity limitation resulting from a health problem, difficulty walking or climbing stairs, and use of special equipment for health problems.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Outbreak in a Long-Term Care Facility — Nebraska, 2014
Mycoplasma pneumoniae can cause outbreaks in long-term care facilities. During outbreaks, diagnostic evaluation and testing should be conducted to determine the outbreak cause so that the correct antibiotics are used and control measures can be implemented. In 2014, a Mycoplasma pneumoniae outbreak in a long-term care facility in Nebraska affected at least 55 people who lived at, worked at, or visited the facility. Twelve people were hospitalized, and seven died (although not all had laboratory testing to prove they had the illness). M. pneumoniae can cause a wide spectrum of illness, from mild respiratory disease to pneumonia.
Use of 9-Valent Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: Updated HPV Vaccination Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends the 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV; Gardasil 9) as one of three HPV vaccines that can be used for routine vaccination.9vHPV, quadrivalent HPV vaccine (4vHPV), or bivalent HPV vaccine can be used for routine vaccination of females. 9vHPV or 4vHPV can be used for routine vaccination of males. This report summarizes evidence considered by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) in recommending the 9-valent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (9vHPV) as one of three HPV vaccines that can be used for routine vaccination and provides recommendations for use.
Updated Typhoid Vaccination Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
Travelers to countries where typhoid is common should be vaccinated against typhoid. Even travelers who are visiting friends or relatives or whose trips involve only short-term travel are at risk. These revised recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for typhoid vaccination include updated information on available vaccines and on vaccine safety. No substantive changes have been made to previous ACIP typhoid vaccine recommendations apart from removing the discontinued parenteral whole-cell vaccine from the list of available typhoid vaccines.