sábado, 29 de octubre de 2016

Our Global Voices | Blogs | CDC

Our Global Voices | Blogs | CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People

Our Global Voices Posts


CDC Spotlights Stroke Prevention for World Stroke Day

Posted on  by Mary G. George, MD, MSPH, FACS and Jennifer L. Foltz, MD, MPH
Mary G. George, MD, MSPH, FACS, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Deputy Associate Director for Science and Senior Medical Officer
Mary G. George, MD, MSPH, FACS, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention
Deputy Associate Director for Science and Senior Medical Officer
Jennifer L. Foltz, MD, MPH, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Senior Medical Officer and Director of the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program
Jennifer L. Foltz, MD, MPH, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention
Senior Medical Officer and Director of the Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program
The number of people affected by stroke worldwide has gone up significantly in the past 20 years. The number continues to increase in part due to an aging population. Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Stroke kills more than 130,000 Americans each year and leaves another 5 million people with physical and mental disabilities.
There is some good news. Stroke is highly preventable through lifestyle changes and control of related health conditions. However, the rising number of strokes worldwide indicates that current primary stroke prevention programs are not enough. We need programs to reach more individuals and populations more effectively.
 Prevention of Stroke: A Strategic Global Imperative,” a report compiled by stroke experts at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and worldwide, looks at current primary stroke prevention strategies and suggests key actions to help reduce the increasing stroke burden. The authors recommend a global prevention framework that does the following:
  • Shifts the emphasis in primary stroke prevention from high-risk individuals to include people with all levels of risk of CVD, promoting population-wide programs for risk factors such as high blood pressure, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity and encouraging everyone to take steps to improve their health.
  • Takes an integrated approach that coordinates clinical strategies with community-based strategies to promote healthy behaviors and reduce disparities, such as using community health workers and pharmacists to extend health care professionals work into the community.
  • Maximizes information technology to advance prevention approaches, such as using smartphone apps to track and manage health conditions and risk factors.
  • Incorporates early life, culturally appropriate education about healthy lifestyles and behaviors, including developing evidence-based stroke prevention guidelines and strategies that address local and cultural issues.

What CDC Is Doing

Many of these strategies are already embraced by CDC, which works to improve US cardiovascular health through public health actions and environmental supports that promote healthy lifestyles and behaviors, healthy communities, and access to early, effective, and affordable detection and treatment of stroke, heart disease, and their risk factors.
CDC leads several initiatives to help people prevent and control stroke that includes the following:
Although future research is needed on risk factors and prevention of stroke in various countries and populations, experts agree that implementing more effective primary stroke prevention and population-wide strategies—like those already promoted by CDC—can help reduce the burden of stroke worldwide and save millions of lives. And everyone, from government agencies to health care systems and individual patients, must work together to achieve this goal.
Posted on  by Mary G. George, MD, MSPH, FACS and Jennifer L. Foltz, MD, MPHLeave a commentTags 

World Polio Day 2016: A Focus on Tenacity and Hope

NEW! Read our World Stroke Day blog! OCTOBER 28   John Bingham is an American writer and long distance runner who’s competed in more than 45 marathons. He has no connection whatsoever to global health. Nor does he claim any history or involvement with the difficult but ever hopeful struggle to eradicate polio from every Read More >
Posted on  by Dr. Rebecca Martin, Director CDC’s Center for Global HealthLeave a comment

Hurricane Matthew and Haiti: Putting CDC Expertise to Work

Life can quickly move from hard to catastrophic when a vulnerable island nation lies directly in the path of a Category 4 storm, as Haiti did when Hurricane Matthew roared ashore to bludgeon its remote southwest region on October 4th. People need immediate shelter when a disaster like this strikes. They need doctors, nurses, and Read More >
Posted on  by Jordan Tappero, MD, MPHLeave a comment

Transforming Hypertension Treatment in Barbados

A blood pressure screening in Barbados.
While being a physician is certainly important to me, first and foremost I consider myself a native of Barbados. The people of Barbados are unique, but they share a commonality with citizens of many other countries: they struggle with a high burden of hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, and other risk factors for Read More >
Posted on  by Dr. Kenneth Connell, the Preclinical Deputy Dean and a Faculty Lecturer in Clinical Pharmacology at the University of the West Indies, Medical Sciences Cave Hill Campus in BarbadosLeave a comment

The Reality of Rabies in Ethiopia: When Man’s Best Friend Becomes the Enemy

Rabies is a disease that affects both people and animals, and is nearly always fatal once clinical signs have developed. In the United States, people are most likely to get rabies from a bat or raccoon. But in Africa and many other parts of the world, people fear getting rabies from their dogs. In Ethiopia, Read More >
Posted on  by Emily Pieracci, CDC veterinarianLeave a comment

Lessons Learned from Scaling up HIV Treatment in Mozambique

A new CDC study examining the first decade of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up in Mozambique revealed fewer people are dying from HIV in recent years, likely due to more patients starting treatment at earlier disease stages. The analysis also found that people who more recently began ART were less likely to remain engaged in Read More >
Posted on  by Leave a comment

How Better Data Means Better Decisions in Emergencies

In an emergency, health workers need access to information quickly. They need to know the facts: Where is the outbreak occurring? Who is it affecting? How is it spreading? People on the ground may each have critical pieces of the puzzle, but they may not be connecting. What’s needed is a central system where all Read More >
Posted on  by Quang Tran, Technical Officer, PATH VietnamLeave a commentTags 

On Global Health and Being “Prepared”

Monitoring and Evaluation in Nigeria
What does it mean to be “prepared?” And, more to the point, what does it mean for working in global health? For some, being “prepared” means setting aside cash for emergencies and keeping their insurance up-to-date. For others, it means a plan of action or even a fresh supply of duct tape, a list of Read More >
Posted on  by Rebecca Martin, PhD, Director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Center for Global HealthLeave a commentTags 

Stopping Viruses that Don’t Respect Borders

Community Health Volunteers in India
CDC’s Global Immunization Plan In the first seven months of 2016 alone, 13 states reported outbreaks of measles, a highly infectious disease that killed 400 to 500 Americans a year and hospitalized nearly 50,000 more as recent as the 1950s. With the advent of the measles vaccine, routine immunizations, and the federal Children’s Health Insurance Read More >
Posted on  by Peter Bloland, DVM, MPVMLeave a comment

Think NoHep this World Hepatitis Day

“Viral hepatitis – a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E – affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, causing acute and chronic liver disease and killing more than 1.4 million people every year, mostly from hepatitis B and hepatitis C. It is estimated that only 5% of people Read More >
Posted on  by Dr. John W. Ward, Director, Division of Viral Hepatitis1 CommentTags 

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