domingo, 7 de agosto de 2016

Monogenic autoimmune diseases of the endocrine system. - PubMed - NCBI

Monogenic autoimmune diseases of the endocrine system. - PubMed - NCBI

 2016 Jul 26. pii: S2213-8587(16)30095-X. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(16)30095-X. [Epub ahead of print]

Monogenic autoimmune diseases of the endocrine system.


The most common endocrine diseases, type 1 diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and hypothyroidism, are the result of autoimmunity. Clustering of autoimmune endocrinopathies can result from polygenic predisposition, or more rarely, may present as part of a wider syndrome due to a mutation within one of seven genes. These monogenic autoimmune diseases show highly variable phenotypes both within and between families with the same mutations. The average age of onset of the monogenic forms of autoimmune endocrine disease is younger than that of the common polygenic forms, and this feature combined with the manifestation of other autoimmune diseases, specific hallmark features, or both, can inform clinicians as to the relevance of genetic testing. A genetic diagnosis can guide medical management, give an insight into prognosis, inform families of recurrence risk, and facilitate prenatal diagnoses.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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