American Children Continue To Receive Antibiotics Inappropriately, AHRQ Researchers Find
Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing continues for American children, despite efforts to educate providers about the risks of creating antibiotic-resistant infections, according to a new AHRQ-funded study. Researchers found that 27.3 percent of American children used at least one antibiotic each year during the 2004-2010 study period. About 69 percent of those children received antibiotics to treat common upper respiratory infections such as pharyngitis, pneumonia and ear infections. In addition, significant proportions of children received antibiotics to treat three conditions – bronchitis, sinusitis and the common cold – for which antibiotics are rarely prescribed. Researchers also found that 18.5 percent of these children used narrow-spectrum antibiotics and 12.8 percent used broad-spectrum antibiotics. AHRQ’s Eric M. Sarpong, Ph.D., and G. Edward Miller, Ph.D., conducted the study, “Narrow and Broad Spectrum Antibiotic Use Among U.S. Children,” which appeared online with an abstract November 25 in Health Services Research. The researchers concluded that, despite encouraging reports on the declining use of antibiotics, further improvement is needed in the appropriate prescribing of antibiotics for children.
Health Serv Res. 2014 Nov 25. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12260. [Epub ahead of print]
Narrow- and Broad-Spectrum Antibiotic Use among U.S. Children.
© Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Children; antibiotics; multinomial choice model; narrow- and broad-spectrum
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