martes, 27 de marzo de 2012

Variant in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene is associated with fatty liver in obese children and adolescents - Santoro - 2011 - Hepatology - Wiley Online Library

Variant in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene is associated with fatty liver in obese children and adolescents - Santoro - 2011 - Hepatology - Wiley Online Library

Variant in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene is associated with fatty liver in obese children and adolescents

  1. Nicola Santoro1,‡,*,
  2. Clarence K. Zhang2,
  3. Hongyu Zhao2,
  4. Andrew J. Pakstis3,
  5. Grace Kim1,
  6. Romy Kursawe1,
  7. Daniel J. Dykas3,
  8. Allen E. Bale3,
  9. Cosimo Giannini1,
  10. Bridget Pierpont1,
  11. Melissa M. Shaw1,
  12. Leif Groop4,
  13. Sonia Caprio1,*
Article first published online: 18 DEC 2011
DOI: 10.1002/hep.24806
Hepatology

Hepatology

Volume 55, Issue 3, pages 781–789, March 2012

How to Cite

Santoro, N., Zhang, C. K., Zhao, H., Pakstis, A. J., Kim, G., Kursawe, R., Dykas, D. J., Bale, A. E., Giannini, C., Pierpont, B., Shaw, M. M., Groop, L. and Caprio, S. (2012), Variant in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) gene is associated with fatty liver in obese children and adolescents. Hepatology, 55: 781–789. doi: 10.1002/hep.24806

Author Information

  1. 1 Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT
  2. 2 Yale Center for Statistical Genomics and Proteomics, New Haven, CT
  3. 3 Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT
  4. 4 Department of Clinical Sciences/Diabetes & Endocrinology and Lund University Diabetes Centre, Lund University, University Hospital, Malmoe, Malmoe, Sweden
  1. fax: 203-785-6421
*Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, 330 Cedar Street, P.O. Box 208064, New Haven, CT 06520
  1. Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Publication History

  1. Issue published online: 23 FEB 2012
  2. Article first published online: 18 DEC 2011
  3. Accepted manuscript online: 22 NOV 2011 06:29AM EST
  4. Manuscript Accepted: 7 NOV 2011
  5. Manuscript Received: 20 SEP 2011

Funded by

  • the American Hearth Association (AHA). Grant Number: 11CRP5620013
  • the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grant Numbers: R01-HD-40787, R01-HD-28016, K24-HD-01464
 

Abstract

Recently, the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) identified as rs1260326, in the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR), was associated with hypertriglyceridemia in adults. Because accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes represents the hallmark of steatosis, we aimed to investigate whether this variant might be associated with fatty liver (hepatic fat content, HFF%). Moreover, because recently rs738409 in the PNPLA3 and rs2854116 in the APOC3 were associated with fatty liver, we explored how the GCKR SNP and these two variants jointly influence hepatosteatosis. We studied 455 obese children and adolescents (181 Caucasians, 139 African Americans, and 135 Hispanics). All underwent an oral glucose tolerance test and fasting lipoprotein subclasses measurement by proton nuclear magnetic resonance. A subset of 142 children underwent a fast gradient magnetic resonance imaging to measure the HFF%. The rs1260326 was associated with elevated triglycerides (Caucasians P = 0.00014; African Americans P = 0.00417), large very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) (Caucasians P = 0.001; African Americans, P = 0.03), and with fatty liver (Caucasians P = 0.034; African Americans P = 0.00002; and Hispanics P = 0.016). The PNPLA3, but not the APOC3 rs2854116 SNP, was associated with fatty liver but not with triglyceride levels. There was a joint effect between the PNPLA3 and GCKR SNPs, explaining 32% of HFF% variance in Caucasians (P = 0.00161), 39.0% in African Americans (P = 0.00000496), and 15% in Hispanics (P = 0.00342). Conclusion: The rs1260326 in GCKR is associated with hepatic fat accumulation along with large VLDL and triglyceride levels. GCKR and PNPLA3 act together to convey susceptibility to fatty liver in obese youths. (Hepatology 2012)

1 comentario:

  1. Glucose is phosphorylated to glucose-6-phosphate by glucokinases. This gene is alternatively spliced to generate three different forms of the enzyme; one found in the pancreas and two found in the liver. glucokinase

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