miércoles, 7 de febrero de 2018

COPD Risk Factors

COPD Risk Factors

News-Medical

COPD Risk Factors

For a patient suffering from any of the conditions categorized under COPD, the lungs are affected in a manner that hinders their proper functioning. The damage to the lung continuously increases and the symptoms become progressively worse. In most conditions the damage caused to the lungs is permanent even with medical aid. Symptoms commonly include breathlessness with mild activity and a perpetual cough.
Credit: Rohan D Kubal/ Shutterstock.com
There is no cure for COPD, but if identified and diagnosed promptly, it can be managed to help the patient breathe easier. Should there be obvious symptoms like increased breathlessness, a lot of coughing, wheezing, a feeling of fatigue with daily activities and a tightening or feeling of constriction in the chest, visiting the doctor is highly recommended. By catching the symptoms in time, it is possible to minimize the damage to the lungs.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a term used for any lung condition which marks a reduction in the airflow through the lungs. This causes a difficulty in breathing, coughing, and excessive production of mucus.
It is a progressive disease, which can be potentially life threatening. The two most common conditions of COPD are Emphysema and Chronic Bronchitis. Others could include Refractory Asthma and Bronchiectasis.

Who is at risk of COPD?

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease can strike anyone, however there are some people who may be more at a risk for developing the lung condition. Since managing the disease is easier when diagnosed sooner, should you fall in the risk group, pay more attention to any symptoms that affect the lungs.

Smokers

The inhalation of tobacco laced smoke is the greatest risk factor for developing COPD. When a cigarette is burnt, nearly 7000 harmful chemicals are released. Each of which plays havoc with the functioning of the lungs. It is not limited to those smoking cigarettes, but is equally applicable to those smoking cigars, pipes and even weed. The toxin laden smoke which is inhaled in to the lungs has a tendency to cause inflammation. More than 85% of COPD conditions are caused due to smoking.


Asthma patients

For those with an already weakened immune system, it is difficult to ensure that the lungs stay healthy. An asthma patient is likely to develop infections easily, which can narrow the air passages or bronchioles. Long term damage from asthma can also include damage to the air sacs within the lungs called alveoli. If combined with a habit of smoking, the patient is inviting disaster for their health.

Work environment and outdoor pollution

Those working in industries which rely on use of chemicals are likely to inhale fumes and vapours that have the potential to inflame the lungs. Long term exposure to such particulate matter can damage the lungs and lead to COPD. Additionally, those working in polluted outdoor areas, such as city centres, can also develop lung conditions due to repeated exposure to air pollution.

Repeated exposure to toxins indoors

Indoor pollution is a problem in developing countries where the homes are poorly ventilated and the main fuel is wood or cow dung cakes. Here the fumes from the burning fuel circulate within the home and are inhaled by the residents. This leads to repeated and frequent exposure to these harmful fumes, resulting ultimately in lung damage and eventually leading to COPD.

Age factor

Since most lung damage takes place over a long-term period, the older a person is, the more likely they are to be diagnosed with COPD.  It is, therefore, important to pay attention to symptoms which may indicate a problem with the lungs. The sooner a lung condition is reported, the sooner the damage to the lungs can be controlled. Don’t ignore symptoms as age progresses because it may not be just due to the ageing process.

Genetic predisposition

In rare cases the cause of COPD may be genetic. Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency is a very uncommon condition caused by genetic factors which may lead to the lungs beings affected. It makes the patient more prone to respiratory infections and may even lead to serious life-threatening conditions like lung cancer.
Prevention is the cure. As the cause of lung damage is linked to smoking in majority of the cases, by simply quitting smoking the cause of the disease is eliminated. For long term smokers who have failed to quit, it may be useful to try and use group support.
People working or living in a toxic or hazardous environment should learn to protect their lungs as much as possible. Speaking with a supervisor about eliminating toxins as well as using protective equipment such as masks can make a big difference.
Reviewed by Afsaneh Khetrapal Bsc (Hons)

References

  1. http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/copd/symptoms-causes-risk-factors/?referrer=https://www.google.co.in/
  2. https://www.copdfoundation.org/What-is-COPD/Understanding-COPD/What-is-COPD.aspx
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/300564
  4. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/copd/symptoms-causes/syc-20353679
  5. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs315/en/

Further Reading

Last Updated: Feb 6, 2018

3 comentarios:

  1. I have had emphysema for about five years. I was on oxygen during the day but not at night. I could go about two hours without the oxygen, and then I need it. I had a converter in the house and oxygen tanks for when I go shopping, etc. I am 64 years old and in relatively good health. The doctor said it was caused by a combination of smoking, dust here in Vegas, and 30 years of smog in California. I believed I will always need the oxygen to breathe. I quit smoking 15 years ago. But the damage has been done. January 2017 my pulmonologist and I decided to go with natural treatment and was introduced to Green House Herbal Clinic natural organic Emphysema Herbal formula, i had a total decline of symptoms with this Emphysema Herbal formula treatment. Visit Green House Herbal Clinic official web-site ww w. greenhouseherbalclinic. com. The infections, shortness of breath, fatigue, dry cough and other symptoms has subsided.  I am very pleased with this treatment. I breath very well now and exercise regularly, sometimes i totally forget i ever had Emphysema, I am thankful to nature, the medics failed. Share with friends!!

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. I was diagnosed of Emphysema (copd)9 months ago which affected my breathing badly, my doctor advice me for Lungs Volume reduction surgery (LVRS) because my both upper lobes of the lungs were involved, i was making preparation for this when a friend of mine told me about a herbal doctor from Africa, doctor ODUWA who prepares herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including Emphysema, i contacted Dr ODUWA via his email and he sent me Emphysema herbal medicine via courier service, when i received this herbal medicine i applied it as instructed and was totally cured of Emphysema within 10 days of usage, i never had to go for the surgery again as i was totally free from emphysema, all thanks to Dr ODUWA, contact Dr ODUWA via his email dr.oduwaspellhome@gmail.com

      Eliminar
  2. It’s a miracle that I am alive today. I encounter herpes virus for good four (4) years, six (6) months and twelve (12) day with my calculations, before I meet the great Dr. ODUWA. I am JOHNSON JUDITH Fresno California, united state of America and I was affected with herpes virus. Herpes is a viral infection cause by the Herpes simplex virus, marked by painful, watery blister in the skin or mucous membrane or on the genitals. This was what I suffered for good four years. I have visited CVS Pharmacy in Fresno for treatment but no improvement. I meet Dr. ODUWA online while I was searching for herpes cure I read a testimony about his work. I give a try that now becomes a testimony in my life. I contacted Dr. ODUWA via his E-mail (DR.ODUWASPELLHOME@GMAIL .COM) and he did not responds to me in time and I went back to the same testimony for his mobile number and I called him immediately (+2348070685053) and he respond to my call. He welcome me as a daughter and I explain my four years situation to him and he said is done just as I have contacted him and I believed in him. Dr. ODUWA sends me some herbal medication for herpes cure and he gave me instruction on what to do and I obeyed his instruction. Changes started after three days of applying the herbal medication. I went to the same CVS Pharmacy in Fresno for test and i was herpes negative. I do not know how to thanks Dr. ODUWA for saving my life. To God be the Glory, I am living healthy with my family today.

    Indeed, Dr. ODUWA is a great man

    and the only thing he requested from me is to share my Testimony for the world to see for a safe living from herpes viral disease and just as I did.

    God bless Dr. ODUWA for his good work....

    ResponderEliminar