viernes, 2 de enero de 2015

Interferon-γ (IFNG) microsatellite repeat and single nucleotide pol... - PubMed - NCBI

Interferon-γ (IFNG) microsatellite repeat and single nucleotide pol... - PubMed - NCBI

 2015 Jan;29:6-14. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.10.030. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

Interferon-γ (IFNG) microsatellite repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism haplotypes of IFN-α receptor (IFNAR1) associated with enhanced malaria susceptibility in Indian populations.


Pro-inflammatory cytokines IFNγ and IFNα function through their cellular receptors IFNγR1 and IFNαR1, respectively to mediate immune processes during malaria infection. A total of 21 SNPs, 2 ins/del polymorphisms and a microsatellite repeat, selected on the basis of their reported association with infectious diseases including malaria in world populations, were analysed for association with Plasmodium falciparum malaria susceptibility in a case-control study with adult patients and ethnically-matched controls drawn from a disease meso- to hyperendemic and a nonendemic region of India. Among the five IFNG SNPs tested, an intron 3 and a 3'UTR SNP associated with disease in the endemic region. In addition, large (CA)n repeats of IFNG intron 1 associated with protection from severe malaria in the endemic region (severe vs. control, odds ratio=0.21, 95% CI=0.08-0.52, P=1.3×10(-4)). The TA11CAG haplotype (rs2069705 T/C, rs2430561 A/T, rs3138557 (CA)n, rs2069718 T/C, rs2069727 A/G, rs2069728 G/A) carrying a short CA11 repeat also exhibited very strong association with severe malaria, particularly in the endemic region (severe vs. control, OR=14.56, 95% CI=3.39-85.81, P=3×10(-5)). One SNP each from the IFNA8 and IFNA17 of IFNA gene cluster had a protective effect in the non-endemic region but not in the endemic region. A promoter and an intron 2 SNP of IFNAR1 were risk factors for disease and the IFNAR1 haplotype GCCAGG (rs2843710 C/G, rs2850015 C/T, +6993 C/T, rs2243594 A/G, rs1012335 G/C, rs2257167 G/C) carrying both the risk alleles strikingly associated with disease manifestation in the endemic region (severe vs. control, OR=27.14, 95% CI=3.12-1254, P=2×10(-5); non-severe vs. control, OR=61.87, 95% CI=10.08-2521, P=1×10(-8)). The data indicates dissimilar contribution of cytokine and cytokine receptor variants to disease in populations residing in areas of differential malaria endemicity.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Cytokine; Haplotypes; Malaria susceptibility; Polymorphisms; Receptor

[PubMed - in process]

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