domingo, 14 de diciembre de 2014

Effectiveness of exome and genome sequencing guided by acuity of il... - PubMed - NCBI

Effectiveness of exome and genome sequencing guided by acuity of il... - PubMed - NCBI

Genomics & Health Impact Update


Whole Genome/Exome Sequencing in Practice: Recent Insights

whole genome sequencing Child
New study validates usefulness of genomic medicine in children with neurologic disorders.External Web Site Icon Genomic tests are uncovering elusive diagnoses, saving time and money, and changing treatment for infants and children. Eureka Alert, Dec 3
Sequencing kids' exomes: More good news,External Web Site Icon by Ricki Lewis, PLOS Blogs, Dec 11
Check out our Whole Genome Sequencing (Human) update page for additional information and links

 2014 Dec 3;6(265):265ra168. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.3010076.

Effectiveness of exome and genome sequencing guided by acuity of illness for diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders.


Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) affect more than 3% of children and are attributable to single-gene mutations at more than 1000 loci. Traditional methods yield molecular diagnoses in less than one-half of children with NDD. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and whole-exome sequencing (WES) can enable diagnosis of NDD, but their clinical and cost-effectiveness are unknown. One hundred families with 119 children affected by NDD received diagnostic WGS and/or WES of parent-child trios, wherein the sequencing approach was guided by acuity of illness. Forty-five percent received molecular diagnoses. An accelerated sequencing modality, rapid WGS, yielded diagnoses in 73% of families with acutely ill children (11 of 15). Forty percent of families with children with nonacute NDD, followed in ambulatory care clinics (34 of 85), received diagnoses: 33 by WES and 1 by staged WES then WGS. The cost of prior negative tests in the nonacute patients was $19,100 per family, suggesting sequencing to be cost-effective at up to $7640 per family. A change in clinical care or impression of the pathophysiology was reported in 49% of newly diagnosed families. If WES or WGS had been performed at symptom onset, genomic diagnoses may have been made 77 months earlier than occurred in this study. It is suggested that initial diagnostic evaluation of children with NDD should include trio WGS or WES, with extension of accelerated sequencing modalities to high-acuity patients.
Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

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