Int J Cancer. 2014 Jun 20. doi: 10.1002/ijc.29032. [Epub ahead of print]
Improved Overall Survival after Contralateral Risk-Reducing Mastectomy in Brca1/2 Mutation Carriers with a History of Unilateral Breast Cancer: A Prospective Analysis.
Am Heemskerk-Gerritsen B1, Rookus MA, Aalfs CM, Aussems MG, Collée JM, Jansen L, Kets CM, Keymeulen KB, Koppert LB, Meijers-Heijboer HE, Mooij TM,Tollenaar RA, Vasen HF; HEBON, Hooning MJ, Seynaeve C.
Data on survival of BRCA1/2-associated primary breast cancer (PBC) patients who opt for subsequent contralateral risk-reducing mastectomy (CRRM) are scarce and inconsistent. We examined the efficacy of CRRM on overall survival in mutation carriers with a history of PBC. From a Dutch multicentre cohort, we selected 583 BRCA-associated PBC patients, being diagnosed between 1980 and 2011. Over time, 242 patients (42%) underwent CRRM and 341 patients (58%) remained under surveillance. Survival analyses were carried out using Cox models, with CRRM as a time-dependent covariate. The median follow-up after PBC diagnosis was 11.4 years. In the CRRM group, four patients developed contralateral breast cancer (2%), against 64 patients (19%) in the surveillance group (p<0.001). The mortality was lower in the CRRM group than in the surveillance group (9.6 and 21.6 per 1000 person-years of observation, respectively; adjusted hazard ratio 0.49, 95% confidence interval 0.29-0.82). Survival benefit was especially seen in young PBC patients (<40 years), in patients having a PBC with differentiation grade 1/2 and/or no triple-negative phenotype, and in patients not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. We conclude that CRRM is associated with improved overall survival in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers with a history of PBC. Further research is warranted to develop a model based on age at diagnosis and tumour and treatment characteristics that can predict survival benefit for specific subgroups of patients, aiming at further personalized counselling and improved decision making. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Copyright © 2014 UICC.
BRCA1/2; breast cancer; contralateral risk-reducing mastectomy; prevention; survival
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