Influenza Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primates - - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
Table of Contents
Volume 18, Number 9–October 2012
Influenza Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primates
Worldwide, infections with influenza A viruses are associated with substantial illness and death among mammals and birds. Public health and research have placed major focus on understanding the pathogenicity of different influenza virus strains and characterizing new influenza vaccines. Nonhuman primates (NHPs), including macaques, have become popular experimental models for studying the pathogenesis and immunology of seasonal and emerging influenza viruses. NHPs readily seroconvert after experimental inoculation with seasonal influenza virus and have been used to test candidate vaccines for strains of human and avian origin. Like humans, macaques infected with influenza virus exhibit fever, malaise, nasal discharge, and nonproductive cough; virus replication can be detected in the nasal passages and respiratory tract (1,2). However, whether NHPs are infected with influenza viruses in nature remains unknown.