Human Polyomaviruses in Children Undergoing Transplantation, United States, 2008–2010 - - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
Table of Contents
Volume 18, Number 9–October 2012
Human Polyomaviruses in Children Undergoing Transplantation, United States, 2008–2010
BK and JC polyomaviruses (BKPyV, JCPyV) cause disease in immunocompromised persons. Both are double-stranded DNA viruses in the family Polyomaviridae. Seven additional human polyomaviruses were discovered during 2007–2011: KI polyomavirus (KIPyV) (1), WU polyomavirus (WUPyV) (2), Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) (3), human polyomavirus 6 (HPyV6) (4), human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) (4), trichodysplasia spinulosa-associated polyomavirus (TSPyV) (5), and human polyomavirus 9 (HPyV9) (6).
AbstractImmunocompromised patients are at risk for disease caused by infection by some polyomaviruses. To define the prevalence of polyomaviruses in children undergoing transplantation, we collected samples from a longitudinal cohort and tested for the 9 known human polyomaviruses. All were detected; several were present in previously unreported specimen types.
The 7 novel polyomaviruses have been detected in various specimen types; detection has been extensively reviewed for KIPyV, WUPyV, and MCPyV (7). Polyomaviruses HPyV6, HPyV7, TSPyV, and HPyV9 have been detected in skin (4,5,8); TSPyV and HPyV9 have also been detected in urine, and HPyV9 was detected in serum (6). However, only 2 of these recently identified viruses have been specifically implicated in human diseases; MCPyV is associated with Merkel cell carcinoma (3), and TSPyV has been linked to trichodysplasia spinulosa (5). Immunosuppression is a likely cofactor in both diseases. The potential pathogenicity of the other 5 novel polyomaviruses is unknown. As a first step toward exploring their disease potential, we sought to define their prevalence in immunocompromised transplant recipients. To this end, we established a longitudinal cohort of children undergoing transplantation at St. Louis Children’s Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.