domingo, 4 de marzo de 2012

National Diabetes Data Group vs Carpente... [Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

National Diabetes Data Group vs Carpente... [Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Sep;205(3):253.e1-7. Epub 2011 Jun 15.

National Diabetes Data Group vs Carpenter-Coustan criteria to diagnose gestational diabetes.


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.



The objective of the study was to compare perinatal outcomes among women diagnosed with gestational diabetes by the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) criteria with women meeting only Carpenter-Coustan criteria.


This was a 14 year retrospective cohort. Women who screened positive with 1 hour glucose load 140 mg/dL or greater underwent a diagnostic 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test. We report adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) of perinatal outcome risk.


Of the 4659 screen-positive women with diagnostic testing, 1082 (3.3%, of 33,179) met NDDG criteria; 1542 (4.6%, of 33,179), or 460 more, met Carpenter-Coustan criteria. These 460 untreated women had greater risk of preeclampsia than women diagnosed by NDDG criteria (aPR, 1.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23-2.35). They had a greater risk of cesarean delivery (aPR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.04-1.30) and infants greater than 4000 g (aPR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.01-1.56) than women not meeting either diagnostic criteria.


The 42.5% additional women diagnosed only by Carpenter-Coustan criteria are at greater risk for some adverse outcomes. Cost-effectiveness of a change remains to be determined.
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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