Improving Work-Up of the Abnormal Mammogram Through Organized Assessment: Results From the Ontario Breast Screening Program
- May Lynn Quan, MSc, MD⇓,
- Rene S. Shumak, MD,
- Vicky Majpruz, MA,
- Claire M.D. Holloway, MD, PhD,
- Frances P. O'Malley, MD and
- Anna M. Chiarelli, MHSc, PhD
+ Author Affiliations
- Foothills Medical Center, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta; Cancer Care Ontario; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto; Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto; and St Michaels Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- Corresponding author: May Lynn Quan, MSc, MD, Foothills Medical Centre, Department of Surgery, 1403 29 St NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 2T9, Canada; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Purpose: Women with an abnormal screening mammogram should ideally undergo an organized assessment to attain a timely diagnosis. This study evaluated outcomes of women undergoing work-up after abnormal mammogram through a formal breast assessment affiliate (BAA) program with explicit care pathways compared with usual care (UC) using developed quality indicators for screening mammography programs.
Methods: Between January 1 and December 31, 2007, a total of 320,635 women underwent a screening mammogram through the Ontario Breast Screening Program (OBSP), of whom 25,543 had an abnormal result requiring further assessment. Established indicators assessing timeliness, appropriateness of follow-up, and biopsy rates were compared between women who were assessed through either a BAA or UC using χ2 analysis.
Results: Work-up of the abnormal mammogram for patients screened through a BAA resulted in a greater proportion of women attaining a definitive diagnosis within the recommended time interval when a histologic diagnosis was required. In addition, use of other quality measures including specimen radiography for both core biopsies and surgical specimens and preoperative core needle biopsy was greater in BAA facilities.
Conclusion: These findings support future efforts to increase the number of BAAs within the OBSP, because the pathways and reporting methods associated with them result in improvements in our ability to provide timely and appropriate care for women requiring work-up of an abnormal mammogram.
- Accepted October 24, 2011.