sábado, 6 de agosto de 2016

US breastfeeding rates are up! CDC helps pave the way. | Features | CDC

US breastfeeding rates are up! CDC helps pave the way. | Features | CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People

US breastfeeding rates are up! CDC helps pave the way

a baby breastfeeding

In observance of World Breastfeeding Week, August 1-7, learn about our nation’s progress in promoting and supporting breastfeeding mothers and babies.
Since 2002, the National Immunization Survey has included questions regarding breastfeeding practices. In that time, the percentage of babies who start out breastfeeding has increased from 71% to 81% in 2013. Babies are also breastfeeding for longer. 52% of U.S. babies born in 2013 are still being breastfed at 6 months. While this shows much progress, only 22% of U.S. babies born in 2013 were exclusively  breastfed for the first six months, as recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Mothers who are able to breastfeed continue to face challenges. These include less than optimal support from some hospitals and communities, including availability of and access to lactation providers and support groups.
The good news is that since the release of the 2011 Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding, the federal government and its partners have made important progress in improving breastfeeding support across the nation.
More hospitals have earned designation as a ‘Baby-Friendly’ hospital.
  • In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded the National Institute for Children’s Health Quality (NICHQ) to help increase the number of U.S. hospitals designated as Baby-Friendly. As part of this effort, 72 hospitals are now designated as Baby-Friendly, representing an additional 227,000 babies per year born in hospitals offering evidence-based maternity care.
  • CDC funds the Enhancing Maternity Practices (EMPower) initiative. This is a hospital-based quality improvement project designed to support hospitals working towards Baby-Friendly designation. At the end of 2015, 94 U.S. hospitals were participating in the EMPower initiative.
More communities offer peer and professional support to breastfeeding moms and babies.
  • CDC supports 69 local health departments and community-based organizations in providing peer and professional lactation support to African American and underserved women and infants.
National data systems continue to capture progress on breastfeeding rates and trends in the U.S.
Visit the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity to learn how you can support breastfeeding:
The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding were developed by a team of global experts. They consist of maternity care practices proven to increase breastfeeding initiation and duration. Baby-Friendly hospitals and birthing facilities must adhere to the Ten Steps to receive, and retain, a Baby-Friendly designation.
The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding  are:
  1. Have a written breastfeeding policy that is routinely communicated to all health care staff.
  2. Train all health care staff in the skills necessary to implement this policy.
  3. Inform all pregnant women about the benefits and management of breastfeeding.
  4. Help mothers initiate breastfeeding within one hour of birth.
  5. Show mothers how to breastfeed and how to maintain lactation, even if they are separated from their infants.
  6. Give infants no food or drink other than breast-milk, unless medically indicated.
  7. Practice rooming in - allow mothers and infants to remain together 24 hours a day.
  8. Encourage breastfeeding on demand.
  9. Give no pacifiers or artificial nipples to breastfeeding infants.
  10. Foster the establishment of breastfeeding support groups and refer mothers to them on discharge from the hospital or birth center.

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