Reducing Visceral Leishmaniasis by Insecticide Impregnation of Bed-Nets, Bangladesh - Vol. 19 No. 7 - July 2013 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
Volume 19, Number 7—July 2013
Reducing Visceral Leishmaniasis by Insecticide Impregnation of Bed-Nets, Bangladesh
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The governments of Bangladesh, India, and Nepal have committed to eliminate visceral leishmaniasis (VL) by 2015 (1). Reducing VL incidence by controlling sandflies, the vector of Leishmania spp. parasites, through integrated vector management is a key strategy of elimination programs (2). Community-based intervention with insecticide-treated materials, such as distribution of long-lasting insecticide–treated bed-nets or mass bed-net impregnation programs with slow-release insecticide tablets, could be possible vector-control components of integrated vector management if they are found effective in reducing VL incidence (3). We evaluated the effect of a community-based intervention with impregnation of existing bed-nets in reducing VL incidence in VL-endemic villages of subdistrict (upazila) Godagari, district Rajshahi, Bangladesh.