Hepatology. 2011 Dec 2. doi: 10.1002/hep.25513. [Epub ahead of print]
Variants in ABCB1, TGFB1, and XRCC1 genes and susceptibility to viral hepatitis A infection in mexican americans.
Zhang L, Yesupriya A, Hu DJ, Chang MH, Dowling NF, Ned RM, Udhayakumar V, Lindegren ML, Khudyakov Y.
SourceOffice of Public Health Genomics, Office of Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA; Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA. email@example.com .
AbstractHepatitis A vaccination has dramatically reduced the incidence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, but new infections continue to occur. To identify human genetic variants conferring a risk for HAV infection among the three major racial/ethnic populations in the United States, we assess associations between 67 genetic variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms, 'SNPs') among 31 candidate genes and serologic evidence of prior HAV infection using a population-based, cross-sectional study of 6779 participants, including 2619 non-Hispanic whites, 2095 non-Hispanic blacks, and 2065 Mexican Americans, enrolled in phase 2 (1991-1994) of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the three racial/ethnic groups, the number (weighted frequency) of seropositivity for antibody to HAV (anti-HAV) was 958 (24.9%), 802 (39.2%), and 1540 (71.5%), respectively. No significant associations with any of the 67 SNPs were observed among non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic blacks. In contrast, among Mexican Americans, variants in two genes were found to be associated with an increased risk of HAV infection: TGFB1 rs1800469 (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 1.38; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14-1.68; p-value adjusted for false discovery rate [FDR-P] = 0.017) and XRCC1 rs1799782 (OR = 1.57; 95% CI, 1.27-1.94; FDR-P = 0.0007). A decreased risk was found with ABCB1 rs1045642 (OR = 0.79; 95% CI, 0.71-0.89; FDR-P = 0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants in ABCB1, TGFB1, and XRCC1 appear to be associated with susceptibility to HAV infection among Mexican Americans. Replication studies involving larger population samples are warranted. (HEPATOLOGY 2011.).
Copyright © 2011 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
Variants in ABCB1, TGFB1, and XRCC1 genes and sus... [Hepatology. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI
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