According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, about 29.1 million men and women have been diagnosed with diabetes in their lifetime in 2012.
But what is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. The symptoms of diabetes can appear slowly, and some people do not notice symptoms at all. But some of them are:
- Extreme hunger
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight loss
- Fatigue or drowsiness
- Blurry vision
- Slow-healing wounds, sores or bruises
- Dry, itchy skin
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Frequent or recurring skin, gum, bladder or vaginal yeast infections
Curious to learn how to prevent Type 2 diabetes? Read on.
Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they usually have "prediabetes" that means their blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not yet high enough to be called diabetes.
Most people with prediabetes don't have any symptoms. Your doctor can use an A1C or another blood test to find out if your blood glucose levels are higher than normal.