lunes, 27 de julio de 2015

CDC Hepatitis Updates: World Hepatitis Day

Viral Hepatitis Updates from CDC
World Hepatitis Day - Preventing Perinatal Hepatitis B Transmission Hepatitis B is a significant global health threat and common in many parts of the world, with approximately 240 million worldwide infected, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Chronic hepatitis B infection causes an estimated 780,000 deaths worldwide each year. Many people with chronic hepatitis B were infected at birth or during early childhood, which increases the chance of a chronic, or lifelong, illness. Over time, chronic hepatitis B can cause serious health problems including liver cancer and liver failure.

MMWR: The Launch of Hepatitis C Elimination Program in the Country of Georgia, April 2015
This report describes the launch of a nationwide hepatitis C elimination program in Georgia, a country with a high burden of hepatitis C. The initial phase of the program is focused on increasing access to affordable diagnostics, free treatment of persons with severe liver disease who are at highest risk for hepatitis C–related morbidity and mortality with new curative regimens, and building capacity to achieve program goals of prevention of transmission and elimination of disease. Georgia's program might provide information and experience that can inform similar efforts in other parts of the world.

MMWR: Viral Hepatitis Surveillance – India, 2011 -2013
This report summarizes viral hepatitis surveillance and outbreak data from a national surveillance system in India for epidemic-prone diseases. This report sheds light on the burden and epidemiology of acute viral hepatitis in India, particularly hepatitis A and E, and highlights the important role that routine hepatitis surveillance can play in guiding prevention efforts.

Vital Signs: Demographic and Substance Use Trends Among Heroin Users — U.S., 2002–2013
This report shows that heroin use has increased significantly across most demographic groups. The increase in heroin abuse or dependence parallels the increase in heroin-related overdose deaths. Heroin use is occurring in the context of broader poly-substance use. The increases in the number of people with heroin abuse or dependence and those dying from heroin-related overdose, as well as the recent increases in hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated with injection drug use, underscore the critical importance of improving access to, and insurance coverage for, evidence-based substance abuse treatment.

Prevent Hepatitis A: Get Vaccinated Before You TravelHepatitis A is common in many parts of the world, particularly in some popular travel destinations such as Mexico, Central and South America. CDC released an advisory to travelers to Tulum, Mexico as public health officials have recently identified 28 cases of hepatitis A in 12 states as of the end of April. Unvaccinated travelers to Tulum and other areas where hepatitis A is common are at risk of getting infected with the virus.

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