Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)
A Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) is a multi-component approach by which school districts and schools use all opportunities for students to be physically active, meet the nationally-recommended 60 minutes of physical activity each day, and develop the knowledge, skills, and confidence to be physically active for a lifetime. A CSPAP reflects strong coordination and synergy across all of the components: quality physical education as the foundation, physical activity before, during, and after school, staff involvement, and family and community engagement.1 Students can accumulate the recommended amount of physical activity through the provision of the multi-component CSPAP.1,2,3
CDC, in collaboration with American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD), developed a step-by-step guide [PDF - 6MB] for schools and school districts to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive school physical activity programs. The guide can be read and utilized by an existing school health council or wellness committee, or by a new group or committee made up of physical education coordinators and teachers, classroom teachers, school administrators, recess supervisors, before- and after-school program supervisors, parents, and community members. It can be used to develop a new comprehensive school physical activity program or assess and improve an existing one.
ReferencesCDC - Physical Activity - Facts - Adolescent and School Health
- In 2013, about one in four high school students surveyed had participated in at least one hour of physical activity per day during the week before the survey.
- Children and adolescents should bephysically active for at least an hour a day. Being active during the school day canenhance academic performance [PDF-2.5MB].
- Schools can use CDC’s Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programs: A Guide for Schools to help students meet their physical activity requirements and develop knowledge, skills, and confidence to remain active for a lifetime.
hysical Activity Facts
Physical Activity and the Health of Young People
Benefits of Regular Physical Activity
Regular physical activity—
- Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.1
- Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.1
- Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.1
- May help improve students’ academic performance, including
- Academic achievement and grades
- Academic behavior, such as time on task
- Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom.4
Long-Term Consequences of Physical Inactivity
- Overweight and obesity, which are influenced by physical inactivity and poor diet, can increase one’s risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, arthritis, and poor health status.5-7
- Physical inactivity increases one’s risk for dying prematurely, dying of heart disease, and developing diabetes, colon cancer, and high blood pressure.1
Participation in Physical Activity by Young People
- In a nationally representative survey, 77% of children aged 9–13 years reported participating in free-time physical activity during the previous 7 days.4
- In 2013, only 29% percent of high school students had participated in at least 60 minutes per day of physical activity on each of the 7 days before the survey.3
- 15.2% percent of high school students had not participated in 60 or more minutes of any kind of physical activity on any day during the 7 days before the survey.3
- Participation in physical activity declines as young people age.3
Percentage of High School Students Participating in Physical Activity and Physical Education, by Sex, 20133
|Type of Activity||Females||Males|
|Physically active at least 60 minutes/daya||17.7%||36.6%|
|Attended physical education classes dailyb||24.0%||34.9%|
aAny kind of physical activity that increased heart rate and made them breathe hard some of the time for at least 60 minutes per day on each of the 7 days before the survey.
bAttended physical education classes 5 days in an average week when they were in school.
Participation in Physical Education Classes
- In 2013, less than half (48%) of high school students (64% of 9th-grade students but only 35% of 12th-grade students) attended physical education classes in an average week.3
- The percentage of high school students who attended physical education classes daily decreased from 42% in 1991 to 25% in 1995 and remained stable at that level until 2013 (29%).3
- In 2013, 42% of 9th-grade students but only 20% of 12th-grade students attended physical education class daily.3