viernes, 22 de agosto de 2014

CDC - Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)

CDC - Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)

Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP)

A Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) is a multi-component approach by which school districts and schools use all opportunities for students to be physically active, meet the nationally-recommended 60 minutes of physical activity each day, and develop the knowledge, skills, and confidence to be physically active for a lifetime. A CSPAP reflects strong coordination and synergy across all of the components: quality physical education as the foundation, physical activity before, during, and after school, staff involvement, and family and community engagement.1 Students can accumulate the recommended amount of physical activity through the provision of the multi-component CSPAP.1,2,3
CDC, in collaboration with American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD)External Web Site Icon, developed a step-by-step guide Adobe PDF file [PDF - 6MB] for schools and school districts to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive school physical activity programs. The guide can be read and utilized by an existing school health council or wellness committee, or by a new group or committee made up of physical education coordinators and teachers, classroom teachers, school administrators, recess supervisors, before- and after-school program supervisors, parents, and community members. It can be used to develop a new comprehensive school physical activity program or assess and improve an existing one.

The goals of a CSPAP1,2 are:

  • To provide a variety of school-based physical activities to enable all students to participate in 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity each day.
  • To provide coordination among the CSPAP components to maximize understanding, application, and practice of the knowledge and skills learned in physical education so that all students will be fully physically educated and well-equipped for a lifetime of physical activity.
Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) 60 Minutes diagram


  1. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Comprehensive school physical activity programs. Reston, VA: National Association for Sport and Physical Education; 2008. Available at Adobe PDF fileExternal Web Site Icon
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School health guidelines to promote healthy eating and physical activity. MMWR 2011;60(No. RR-5):28–33.
  3. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report Subcommittee of the President’s Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans Midcourse Report: Strategies to Increase Physical Activity Among Youth. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2012.
CDC - Physical Activity - Facts - Adolescent and School Health

Did You Know?

adult and children exercising outdoors

hysical Activity Facts

Physical Activity and the Health of Young People

Benefits of Regular Physical Activity

Regular physical activity—
  • Helps build and maintain healthy bones and muscles.1
  • Helps reduce the risk of developing obesity and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and colon cancer.1
  • Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety and promotes psychological well-being.1
  • May help improve students’ academic performance, including
    • Academic achievement and grades
    • Academic behavior, such as time on task
    • Factors that influence academic achievement, such as concentration and attentiveness in the classroom.4

Long-Term Consequences of Physical Inactivity

  • Overweight and obesity, which are influenced by physical inactivity and poor diet, can increase one’s risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, asthma, arthritis, and poor health status.5-7
  • Physical inactivity increases one’s risk for dying prematurely, dying of heart disease, and developing diabetes, colon cancer, and high blood pressure.1

Participation in Physical Activity by Young People

  • In a nationally representative survey, 77% of children aged 9–13 years reported participating in free-time physical activity during the previous 7 days.4
  • In 2013, only 29% percent of high school students had participated in at least 60 minutes per day of physical activity on each of the 7 days before the survey.3
  • 15.2% percent of high school students had not participated in 60 or more minutes of any kind of physical activity on any day during the 7 days before the survey.3
  • Participation in physical activity declines as young people age.3

Percentage of High School Students Participating in Physical Activity and Physical Education, by Sex, 20133

Type of ActivityFemalesMales
Physically active at least 60 minutes/daya17.7%36.6%
Attended physical education classes dailyb24.0%34.9%
aAny kind of physical activity that increased heart rate and made them breathe hard some of the time for at least 60 minutes per day on each of the 7 days before the survey.
bAttended physical education classes 5 days in an average week when they were in school.

Participation in Physical Education Classes

  • In 2013, less than half (48%) of high school students (64% of 9th-grade students but only 35% of 12th-grade students) attended physical education classes in an average week.3
  • The percentage of high school students who attended physical education classes daily decreased from 42% in 1991 to 25% in 1995 and remained stable at that level until 2013 (29%).3
  • In 2013, 42% of 9th-grade students but only 20% of 12th-grade students attended physical education class daily.3


  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008. 
  2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.External Web Site IconWashington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008. 
  3. CDC. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2013. MMWR 2014;63(SS-4).
  4. CDC. The Association Between School-Based Physical Activity, Including Physical Education, and Academic Performance. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2010.
  5. Daniels S, Arnett D, Eckel R, et al. Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. Circulation 2005;111:1999–2012.
  6. Institute of Medicine. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2004.
  7. Dietz WH. Overweight in childhood and adolescence. New England Journal of Medicine2004;350:855–857.
  8. CDC. Physical activity levels among children aged 9–13 years—United States, 2002. MMWR2003;52(SS-33):785–788.

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