martes, 12 de febrero de 2013

The Prognostic Value of Epigenetic Silencing of p16... [PLoS One. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

The Prognostic Value of Epigenetic Silencing of p16... [PLoS One. 2013] - PubMed - NCBI

PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54970. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054970. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

The Prognostic Value of Epigenetic Silencing of p16 Gene in NSCLC Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.


Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jiangsu Cancer Hospital, Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.



The prognostic significance of p16 promoter hypermethylation in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still controversial. This analysis presents pooled estimates of the association to better elucidate whether p16 methylation has a prognostic role in NSCLC.


Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases until June 2012. The association of p16 methylation with both overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was preformed. Studies were pooled and summary hazard ratios (HR) were calculated. Subgroup analyses, sensitivity analysis and publication bias were also conducted.


A total of 18 studies containing 2432 patients met the inclusion criteria and had sufficient survival data for quantitative aggregation. The results showed that p16 methylation was an indicator of poor prognosis in NSCLC. The HR was 1.36 (95% CI: 1.08-1.73, I(2) = 56.7%) and 1.68 (95% CI: 1.12-2.52, I(2) = 38.7%) for OS and DFS, respectively. Subgroup analyses were carried out. The HRs of fresh and paraffin tissue were 1.50 (95% CI: 1.11-2.01) and 1.10 (95% CI: 0.77-1.57). The pooled HR was 1.40 (95% CI: 1.02-1.92) for methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and 1.26 (95% CI: 0.87-1.82) for quantitative MSP (Q-MSP). The combined HR of the 16 studies reporting NSCLC as a whole indicated that patients with p16 hypermethylation had poor prognosis. No significant association was found when adenocarcinoma subtype pooled. When seven studies on DFS were aggregated, the HR was 1.68 (95% CI: 1.12-2.52) without significant heterogeneity. Moreover, no obvious publication bias was detected on both OS and DFS.


The meta-analysis findings support the hypothesis that p16 methylation is associated with OS and DFS in NSCLC patients. Large well-designed prospective studies are now needed to confirm the clinical utility of p16 methylation as an independent prognostic marker.

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