EID Journal Home > Volume 17, Number 6–June 2011
Volume 17, Number 6–June 2011
Characterization and Prevalence of a New Porcine Calicivirus in Swine, United States
Qiuhong Wang, Kelly Scheuer, Zhenwen Zhang, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes, Bayleyegn Z. Molla, Armando E. Hoet, and Linda J. Saif
Author affiliations: The Ohio State University, Wooster, Ohio, USA (Q. Wang, K. Scheuer, Z. Zhang, L.J. Saif); and The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA (W.A. Gebreyes, B.Z. Molla, A.E. Hoet)
Suggested citation for this article
Real-time reverse transcription PCR revealed that new St-Valerien–like porcine caliciviruses are prevalent (2.6%–80%; 23.8% overall) in finisher pigs in North Carolina. One strain, NC-WGP93C, shares 89.3%–89.7% genomic nucleotide identity with Canadian strains. Whether these viruses cause disease in pigs or humans or are of food safety concern requires further investigation.
Viruses in the family Caliciviridae are nonenveloped, polyadenylated, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses (1). They have been classified into 5 genera (Norovirus, Sapovirus, Vesivirus, Lagovirus, and Nebovirus) since 2009 (www.ictvonline.org). Later, the nonhuman primate Tulane virus (2) and the porcine St-Valerien–like viruses (3) were characterized as potential new genera in the Caliciviridae family.
New Porcine Calicivirus in Swine, USA | CDC EID
Suggested Citation for this Article
Wang Q, Scheuer K, Zhang Z, Gebreyes WA, Molla BZ, Hoet AE, et al. Characterization and prevalence of a new porcine calicivirus in swine, United States. Emerg Infect Dis [serial on the Internet]. 2011 Jun [date cited]. http://www.cdc.gov/EID/content/17/6/1103.htm
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Qiuhong Wang, Food Animal Health Research Program, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, 1680 Madison Ave, Wooster, OH 44691, USA; email: firstname.lastname@example.org