Exp Parasitol. 2014 Jul 1. pii: S0014-4894(14)00167-2. doi: 10.1016/j.exppara.2014.06.019. [Epub ahead of print]
Molecular analysis of single oocyst of Eimeria by whole genome amplification (WGA) based nested PCR.
PCR-based molecular tools are widely used for the identification and characterization of protozoa. Here we report the molecular analysis of Eimeria species using combined methods of whole genome amplification (WGA) and nested PCR. Single oocyst of Eimeria stiedai or Eimeriamedia was directly used for random amplification of the genomic DNA with either primer extension preamplification (PEP) or multiple displacement amplification (MDA), and then the WGA product was used as template in nested PCR with species-specific primers for ITS-1, 18S rDNA and 23S rDNA of E. stiedai and E. media. WGA-based PCR was successful for the amplification of these genes from single oocyst. For the species identification of single oocyst isolated from mixed E. stiedai or E. media, the results from WGA-based PCR were exactly in accordance with those from morphological identification, suggesting the availability of this method in molecular analysis of eimerian parasites at the single oocyst level. WGA-based PCR method can also be applied for the identification and genetic characterization of other protists.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Eimeria; Morphology; Nested PCR; Single oocyst; Whole genome amplification
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