jueves, 31 de julio de 2014

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Matters for Women[TM] E-Newsletter Update

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Matters for Women[TM] E-Newsletter Update

Health Matters for Women - Celebrating 20 years of promoting women's health - CDC Office of Women's Health

New from CDC

The Birth Certificate (Finally) Goes National
By the time we ring in 2015, all of America's 50 states and the District of Columbia will have finally adopted the 2003 Revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth, generally known as the standard birth certificate.
Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents, 2007–2013, and Postlicensure Vaccine Safety Monitoring, 2006–2014 — United States
Vaccination coverage with ≥1 dose of any HPV vaccine increased significantly from 53.8% (2012) to 57.3% (2013) among adolescent girls. Improving practice patterns so that clinicians use every opportunity to recommend HPV vaccines and address questions from parents can help realize reductions in vaccine-preventable infections and cancers caused by HPV.
National, Regional, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years — United States, 2013
Another analysis of 2013 NIS-Teen data indicates that for adolescent females born in 2000, coverage with at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine before age 13 years could have reached 91.3% if opportunities to administer HPV vaccine when other vaccines were given had not been missed.
Girlfriend’s Health
Friends can support your efforts, work out with you, and call your attention to matters you may be ignoring. Learn tips to help you and your friends stay healthy and safe.
Key Findings: Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Occurrence of Major Birth Defects
The American Journal of Public Health published a new study that examined the occurrence of major birth defects across multiple racial and ethnic groups. Using 12 state-based birth defects tracking systems, this is to date the largest study conducted to look at racial and ethnic differences in the United States for a range of birth defects.
Interim CDC Guidance for Polio Vaccination for Travel to and from Countries Affected by Wild Poliovirus
If a pregnant woman is unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated and requires immediate protection against polio because of planned travel to a country or area where polio cases are occurring, IPV can be administered as recommended for adults. Breastfeeding is not a contraindication to administration of polio vaccine to an infant or mother.
Protect Your Baby from Group B Strep!
Protect your baby from group B strep. If you're 35-37 weeks pregnant, ask your doctor or nurse about a group B strep test.
Vital Signs: Variation Among States in Prescribing of Opioid Pain Relievers and Benzodiazepines — United States, 2012
In 2012, prescribers wrote 82.5 OPR and 37.6 benzodiazepine prescriptions per 100 persons in the United States. State rates varied 2.7-fold for OPR and 3.7-fold for benzodiazepines. For both OPR and benzodiazepines, rates were higher in the South census region, and three Southern states were two or more standard deviations above the mean.
Restaurant Menu Labeling Use Among Adults — 17 States, 2012
In 2012, among adults who noticed ML information at fast food and chain restaurants, 57.3% were restaurant ML users. Although ML use was higher among women in all of the 17 states, ML use by age group and race/ethnicity varied across states.
Promoting Health Equity through Education Programs and Policies: High School Completion Programs
The Task Force recommends high school completion programs for a subset of students who are at risk for non-completion because they are pregnant or have children, based on strong evidence of effectiveness.
Nutritional Status of Women and Child Refugees from Syria — Jordan, April–May 2014
Preliminary findings indicated a high prevalence of anemia in Zaatari camp among both children and women (48.4% and 44.8%, respectively). Nutrition policies aimed at ensuring optimal child and maternal micronutrient status and addressing the underlying risk factors for anemia are likely to result in improved health outcomes and a reduction in anemia.
Free Violence Prevention Course
The training—which offers continuing education credits through CDC—teaches the: key concepts of primary prevention, public health approach, and social-ecological model. Participants complete interactive exercises to learn to help prevent five types of violence: child abuse and neglect, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, suicide, and youth violence.
Smoking Can Cause Clefts
CDC urges women to quit smoking before pregnancy to reduce the risk of clefts of the lip or palate in babies. For free help quitting, call1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669).
A National Public Health Action Plan for the Detection, Prevention, and Management of Infertility
This plan highlights the need to better understand and address issues at a population level that contribute to and are caused by infertility in women and men and that may affect the health of the pregnancy.
Workplace Exposures and the National Action Plan for Infertility
Less than 5% of all chemicals used in the U.S. have been tested, even in laboratory animals, to determine if they are toxic to reproductive health.
Sexual Orientation and Health Among U.S. Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2013
Based on the 2013 NHIS data, 96.6% of adults identified as straight, 1.6% identified as gay or lesbian, and 0.7% identified as bisexual. Significant differences were found in health-related behaviors, health status, health care service utilization, and health care access among U.S. adults aged 18–64 who identified as straight, gay or lesbian, or bisexual.
HIV Infection and Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users — National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, 20 U.S. Cities, 2009
Many participants reported having unprotected sex with opposite-sex partners during the past 12 months: 70% of men and 73% of women had unprotected vaginal sex, and 25% of men and 21% of women had unprotected anal sex. More women than men reported having sex in exchange for money or drugs (31% and 18%, respectively).


Thumbnail imageQuickStats: Birth Rates for Females Aged 15–19 Years, by Race/Ethnicity* — National Vital Statistics System,† United States, 1991–2013
Thumbnail imageAmanda, 30, Wisconsin; smoked during pregnancy
Thumbnail imageFIGURE. Actual and potentially achievable vaccination coverage with ≥1 dose of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine if missed vaccination opportunities had been eliminated among girls by age 13 years,* by birth cohort (1994–2000) — National Immunization Survey-Teen, United States, 2007–2013 combined

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