Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2013 Jul 14. [Epub ahead of print]
Short Read (Next-gen) Sequencing: A Tutorial with Cardiomyopathy Diagnostics as an Exemplar.
1The George Washington University School of Medicine & Center for Genetic Medicine Research, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC.
Rapid advances in DNA sequencing technologies have made it increasingly cost effective to obtain accurate and timely large-scale genomic sequence data on individuals (short read massively parallel, or 'next generation' [next-gen]). A next-gen molecular diagnostic approach that has seen rapid deployment in the clinic over the last year is exome sequencing. Whole exome sequencing covers all protein coding genes in the genome (~1.1% of genome) and an exome test for a single patient generates about 6 gigabases (109 bp) of DNA sequence data. A key challenge facing routine use of next-gen data in patient diagnosis and management is data interpretation. What sequence variant findings are relevant to diagnosis (pathogenic mutations)? What sequence variant findings are relevant to clinical care, but not necessarily to patient diagnosis (clinically actionable incidental data)? What sequence information should be stored, and where can it be stored? This review provides a tutorial on current approaches to answering these questions. A recent landmark study showed that application of next-gen sequencing to a large cohort of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy patients found ~27% of patients to show mutations of the titin gene, the most complex gene in the genome (363 exons). We use titin in cardiomyopathy as an exemplar for explaining next-gen sequencing approaches and data interpretation.
cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, exome, genetics, human, next-gen sequencing, titin
- [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]